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ERIC Number: EJ1204097
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Feb
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Experiences with Warmth in Middle Childhood Predict Features of Text-Message Communication in Early Adolescence
Ackerman, Robert A.; Carson, Kevin J.; Corretti, Conrad A.; Ehrenreich, Samuel E.; Meter, Diana J.; Underwood, Marion K.
Developmental Psychology, v55 n2 p351-365 Feb 2019
This research explored whether experiences with warmth in middle childhood are linked to increased levels of positive affect, decreased levels of negative affect, and decreased levels of disagreeable interactions in text-message communication in adolescence. Participants included 218 children (and their parents and peers) who were on average 10.04-years-old (SD = 0.43) in the 4th grade. In addition to being observed interacting with their parents and friends in the 4th thru 7th grade, participants were provided with BlackBerries configured to capture all incoming and outgoing text-message communication at the end of the 9th, 10th, and 11th grades. Results suggest that observed expressions of warmth are primarily relationship-specific. Further, greater exchanges of warmth within the parent-child and friend-child relationships predicted lower levels of negative affect and duplicity within digital communication.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education; Grade 5; Middle Schools; Grade 6; Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 9; High Schools; Grade 10; Grade 11
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas
Grant or Contract Numbers: R03MH52110|R29MH55992|R01MH63076|K02MH073616|R56MH63076|R01HD060995|R21HD072165