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Figlio, David N.; Özek, Umut – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
In this study, we use microdata from 12 Florida county-level school districts and a regression discontinuity design to examine the effects of early grade retention on the short-, medium-, and long-term outcomes of English learners. We find that retention in the third-grade substantially improves the English skills of these students, reducing the…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, English Language Learners, Human Capital, English (Second Language)
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Petscher, Yaacov; Solari, Emily J.; Catts, Hugh W. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
The present study explores the longitudinal development between Grade 3 word level reading skills and higher level semantic skills to Grade 10 reading comprehension for 3,157 students. In particular, this work focused on how the developmental relations varied for subsamples of students who are English learners (EL; N = 308), students identified as…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Reading Skills, Grade 3, Reading Comprehension