ERIC Number: EJ1207497
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Knowing More than Their Students: Characterizing Secondary Science Teachers' Subject Matter Knowledge
Nixon, Ryan S.; Toerien, Rene; Luft, Julie A.
School Science and Mathematics, v119 n3 p150-160 Mar 2019
Despite agreement among teacher educators, scholars, and policymakers on the importance of teachers' subject matter knowledge (SMK), existing models provide limited information about the nature of this foundational component of teacher knowledge. The common assumption is that teachers need to know more about the science subject matter than their students are expected to learn, but what and how much more is underspecified. In order to more characterize science teachers' SMK, we present the science knowledge for teaching (SKT) model, which has been adapted from the mathematics education literature to apply to science education. The SKT model includes three domains: core content knowledge, specialized content knowledge, and linked content knowledge. We used this model to explore the SMK new secondary chemistry teachers in South Africa and the United States drew on when they explained the conservation of mass and analyzed a related teaching scenario, two important tasks of teaching. Findings indicated these new teachers drew on knowledge from all three SKT domains in order to engage in these tasks of teaching. This result suggests the potential of the SKT model to characterize the nature of science teachers' SMK and thereby better inform teacher preparation and professional development programs.
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Secondary School Teachers, Science Teachers, Foreign Countries, Models, Chemistry, Cross Cultural Studies, Vignettes, Teaching Methods, Scientific Principles, Teacher Education Programs, Faculty Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa; United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: 0918697|1247096