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ERIC Number: EJ1200436
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0307-5079
Measuring the Effectiveness of Two-Year Colleges: A Comparison of Raw and Value-Added Performance Indicators
Horn, Aaron S.; Horner, Olena G.; Lee, Giljae
Studies in Higher Education, v44 n1 p151-169 2019
Researchers in higher education frequently evaluate institutional effectiveness as the difference between an actual and predicted graduation rate, but little is known about whether such a method is reliable or valid. This study examines the measurement properties of effectiveness scores derived from regression residuals for community colleges in the United States (n = 875). The test--retest reliability of the resulting effectiveness measure over two consecutive years was acceptable to good (r = 0.63 to 0.72). A test of convergent validity indicated that effectiveness scores were positively associated with students' perceptions of a supportive campus environment (r = 0.26). A test of discriminant validity revealed relatively small correlations between effectiveness scores and institutional attributes, such as the percent of low-income students (r = -0.01). The results support the use of effectiveness scores as a complementary performance indicator for community colleges to better articulate the value added to the student experience.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A