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Koivuhovi, Satu; Vainikainen, Mari-Pauliina; Kalalahti, Mira; Niemivirta, Markku – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This study examined changes in pupils' agency beliefs and control expectancy from grade four to grade six, and whether they were associated with studying in a class with a special emphasis on a subject as compared to studying in a class without emphasis. After controlling for the effects of mother's education, prior school achievement, and gender,…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary School Students
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Peura, Pilvi I.; Viholainen, Helena J. K.; Aro, Tuija I.; Räikkönen, Eija M.; Usher, Ellen L.; Sorvo, Riikka M. A.; Klassen, Robert M.; Aro, Mikko T. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
We investigated the specificity of reading self-efficacy among second- to fifth-grade children in Finland (N = 1,327). Bandura (1997) theorized that efficacy beliefs can be assessed at different levels of specificity; however, empirical support for this view is scarce among young children. Efficacy beliefs targeting reading-related activities were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Grade 3
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Kokkonen, Juha; Yli-Piipari, Sami; Kokkonen, Marja; Quay, John – European Physical Education Review, 2019
This study investigated the effectiveness of a creative physical education (CPE) intervention on students' perceptions of motivational climate in physical education (PE), leisure-time physical activity (PA) motivation, and overall PA. A sample of 382 fourth to sixth grade students (M[subscript age] = 10.87[0.93]) from two elementary schools were…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Leisure Time