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Lange, Christopher; Costley, Jamie – Issues in Educational Research, 2019
Quality of instruction within media-rich environments is an important aspect of the online learning process. Instructors need to avoid the presentation of confusing content caused by diverse forms of media, which can induce higher levels of extraneous processing and negatively affect germane cognitive load. Maintaining high levels of germane load…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Cognitive Ability, Metacognition, College Students
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Lange, Christopher; Costley, Jamie – Distance Education, 2019
Scaffolding techniques, such as sequencing and fading, used in online video lectures may help mitigate the negative relationship between complex contents represented by intrinsic load and content understanding represented by germane load. This study analyzed survey responses from university students (n = 2365) who participated in online classes in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Electronic Learning
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Costley, Jamie – Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 2019
Purpose: As online learning has become more prevalent, how learners interact with each other in those learning environments has become more salient. To develop effective levels of interaction, students must feel comfortable to express their ideas and views. For this reason, this paper aims to look at how individual students' levels of social…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Correlation, Interaction
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Hughes, Christopher; Costley, Jamie; Lange, Christopher – Distance Education, 2019
An important part of online courses is the delivery of instruction via video lectures. Video lectures should use media effectively to reduce extraneous load and maximize cognitive processing, thereby helping students to learn. Instructors may be able to reduce extraneous load by varying the number of audio and visual media used. This study…
Descriptors: Multimedia Instruction, Multimedia Materials, Video Technology, Lecture Method
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Fanguy, Mik; Costley, Jamie; Baldwin, Matthew; Lange, Christopher; Wang, Holly – International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 2019
Media diversity within video lectures has been shown to have an effect on students who participate in both flipped classes as well as online courses. While some research claims that content delivered through multiple sources leads to more learning, contrasting research makes the claim that too much media hinders cognitive processing. The present…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Lecture Method, Video Technology, Homework