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ERIC Number: EJ1213371
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Exploring Cross-Cultural Variations in the Development of Executive Function for Preschoolers from Low and High Socioeconomic Families
Schmitt, Sara A.; Korucu, Irem; Purpura, David J.; Whiteman, Shawn; Zhang, Chenyi; Yang, Fuyi
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v43 n3 p212-220 May 2019
This study investigated cross-cultural variation in the development of executive functioning (EF) across the preschool period for United States and Chinese children from low and high socioeconomic families using a longitudinal design. Participants included 216 preschool children (n = 125 from the US; n = 91 from Shanghai and Jiangxi, China). On average, children were approximately 4 years old. In the US sample, 56% were female, and in the Chinese sample, 54% were female. Results from multi-level models varied slightly with regard to specific EF domains, but generally indicated that Chinese children experienced greater gains in EF during the preschool period compared to US children. Cross-cultural differences in EF growth did not vary by socioeconomic status. These findings highlight cultural variability in the development of EF and provide a foundation for additional research exploring factors that may help explain differential growth in EF for Chinese children compared to US children during the preschool period.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; United States; China (Shanghai)