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ERIC Number: EJ1213371
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Exploring Cross-Cultural Variations in the Development of Executive Function for Preschoolers from Low and High Socioeconomic Families
Schmitt, Sara A.; Korucu, Irem; Purpura, David J.; Whiteman, Shawn; Zhang, Chenyi; Yang, Fuyi
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v43 n3 p212-220 May 2019
This study investigated cross-cultural variation in the development of executive functioning (EF) across the preschool period for United States and Chinese children from low and high socioeconomic families using a longitudinal design. Participants included 216 preschool children (n = 125 from the US; n = 91 from Shanghai and Jiangxi, China). On average, children were approximately 4 years old. In the US sample, 56% were female, and in the Chinese sample, 54% were female. Results from multi-level models varied slightly with regard to specific EF domains, but generally indicated that Chinese children experienced greater gains in EF during the preschool period compared to US children. Cross-cultural differences in EF growth did not vary by socioeconomic status. These findings highlight cultural variability in the development of EF and provide a foundation for additional research exploring factors that may help explain differential growth in EF for Chinese children compared to US children during the preschool period.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; United States; China (Shanghai)