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Yamamoto, Noriko; Imai-Matsumura, Kyoko – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
The present study examined gender differences in kindergarten students' ability for behavioural self-regulation and executive function in East Japan. One hundred and eleven 5-year-old children were assessed on behavioural self-regulation, inhibitory, and working memory tasks (direct measurement). Children's responses to the teacher's instructions…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Executive Function, Self Control
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Alesi, Marianna; Pecoraro, Donatella; Pepi, Annamaria – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2019
Executive functioning (EF) is a key cognitive process for development. Little is known about EF in Kindergarten children at risk for developmental coordination disorder (DCD), despite this age being one of the most critical and intensive period of motor and cognitive development. In our investigation we compared EF in kindergarten children at risk…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Kindergarten, Young Children, At Risk Students
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Mills, Britain; Dyer, Nazly; Pacheco, Daniel; Brinkley, Dawn; Owen, Margaret T.; Caughy, Margaret O. – Child Development, 2019
This study examined the development of emerging self-regulation (SR) skills across the preschool years and relations to academic achievement in kindergarten and first grade. SR skills of 403 low-income African American and Latino children were measured at 2&1/2, 3&1/2, and 5¬†years (kindergarten). Reading and math skills were measured at 5…
Descriptors: Self Control, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Schmitt, Sara A.; Korucu, Irem; Purpura, David J.; Whiteman, Shawn; Zhang, Chenyi; Yang, Fuyi – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2019
This study investigated cross-cultural variation in the development of executive functioning (EF) across the preschool period for United States and Chinese children from low and high socioeconomic families using a longitudinal design. Participants included 216 preschool children (n = 125 from the US; n = 91 from Shanghai and Jiangxi, China). On…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Preschool Children, Socioeconomic Status, Longitudinal Studies
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Son, Seung-Hee Claire; Choi, Ji Young; Kwon, Kyong-Ah – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: The present study examined patterns of longitudinal associations between inhibitory control (IC) and early academic skills during the preschool and kindergarten years. Using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey Cohort 2009 (FACES 2009) (N =¬†939), a national data set of predominantly low-income children…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Inhibition, Academic Ability, Preschool Children
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Brock, Laura L.; Kim, Helyn; Gutshall, Claire C.; Grissmer, David W. – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
Theory of mind describes the ability to engage in perspective-taking, infer mental states, and predict intentions, behavior, and actions in others. Theory of mind performance is associated with foundational cognitive and socioemotional skills, including verbal ability (receptive and expressive vocabulary), executive function (inhibitory control…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Predictor Variables, Kindergarten, Young Children