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Räty, Lauri; Vehkakoski, Tanja; Pirttimaa, Raija – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2019
The individual education plan (IEP) is an essential part of special education and is used widely in Western countries for documenting both the learning goals and support measures for children with special needs. This study focused on the documentation of support measures in the IEPs of Finnish students with intellectual disability (ID) (N = 21).…
Descriptors: Individualized Education Programs, Special Education, Special Needs Students, Intellectual Disability
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Karhu, Anne; Närhi, Vesa; Savolainen, Hannu – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2019
Check In-Check Out (CICO) is a support programme for students with externalising problem behaviours. This study implemented in Finland is one of the first reports on the application of CICO in the European context. An experimental, multiple-baseline, single-case design is used to examine the effects of the CICO intervention on the problem…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification, Program Effectiveness
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Aro, Tuija; Eklund, Kenneth; Eloranta, Anna-Kaija; Närhi, Vesa; Korhonen, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We studied the impact of diverse subtypes of learning disabilities (LD) on adult-age mental health, education, and employment by comparing the LD group (n = 430) with a matched control group without a known history of LD (n = 2,149). The clinical archived data were merged with lifelong register data on sickness allowances/disability pensions…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Adults, Mental Health, Educational Attainment
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Malmberg-Heimonen, Ira Elena; West, Brady T.; Vuori, Jukka – Research on Social Work Practice, 2019
Objective: This study reevaluates the effects of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of job search interventions on labor force participation. In the trial, various methods of job search interventions were included, of which about half were research-based JOBS (Job Opportunity and Basic Skills) interventions and the other half were practice-based,…
Descriptors: Job Search Methods, Research and Development, Theory Practice Relationship, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Hintsanen, Mirka; Gluschkoff, Kia; Dobewall, Henrik; Cloninger, C. Robert; Keltner, Dacher; Saarinen, Aino; Wesolowska, Karolina; Volanen, Salla-Maarit; Raitakari, Olli T.; Pulkki-Råback, Laura – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Compassion is known to predict prosocial behavior and moral judgments related to harm. Despite the centrality of compassion to social life, factors predicting adulthood compassion are largely unknown. We examined whether qualities of parent-child-relationship, namely, emotional warmth and acceptance, predict offspring compassion decades later in…
Descriptors: Altruism, Prosocial Behavior, Moral Values, Adults
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Tiainen, Tarja; Berki, Eleni – Studies in Higher Education, 2019
Women's under-representation in the fields of science and technology is strong; both in software houses and academic posts. We focus on the academic field by gender sensitive analysis of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) academics. The general picture given by statistics' meta-analyses illustrates male dominance even in Finland, which…
Descriptors: Gender Bias, Science Education, Technology Education, Information Technology
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Fletcher-Watson, Sue; Larsen, Kenneth; Salomone, Erica – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Engagement with stakeholders is an essential part of the research process. This is particularly the case for early autism research with infant cohorts and their families, where a range of ethical issues are pertinent. Here, we report on a large survey of parents who have a child on the autism spectrum (n = 1040) which specifically probed attitudes…
Descriptors: Parents, Parent Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kaartinen, Miia; Puura, Kaija; Pispa, Päivi; Helminen, Mika; Salmelin, Raili; Pelkonen, Erja; Juujärvi, Petri; Kessler, Esther B.; Skuse, David H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Cooperation is a fundamental human ability that seems to be inversely related to aggressive behaviour in typical development. However, there is no knowledge whether similar association holds for children with autism spectrum disorder. A total of 27 boys with autism spectrum disorder and their gender, age and total score intelligence matched…
Descriptors: Males, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Kohtamäki, Vuokko – Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 2019
This article uses resource-dependence theory to analyse how academic mid-level leaders in Finnish universities respond to their changing post-reform management environments. The 2010 university reform and subsequent university-specific management reforms have created new positions and roles for academic leaders. By identifying critical resources,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Instructional Leadership, Competition, Educational Change
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Romar, Jan-Erik; Enqvist, Ida; Kulmala, Janne; Kallio, Jouni; Tammelin, Tuija – Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 2019
In this study, we aimed at comparing Finnish primary school students' physical activity and sedentary time during outdoor-learning and traditional school days. Outdoor learning is defined as purposeful and planned learning experiences in the outdoors . The study population consisted 20 students in grades 1-6 at one primary school. Physical…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Physical Activity Level, Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries
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Gråstén, Arto; Yli-Piipari, Sami – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: In this study, we examined the development of children's moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and physical education (PE) enjoyment through the Physical Activity as Civil Skill Program 2012-2014. Methods: Participants were 661 (265 intervention, 396 control) elementary school children in central and northeast Finland. The…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Education, Learner Engagement, Children
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Kang, Jingoo; Hense, Jonathan; Scheersoi, Annette; Keinonen, Tuula – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Gender disparities in STEM fields have been under extensive study, the focus of which has been on future career aspirations. However, the primary phases in gender differences are still ambiguous when examined from this perspective, possibly due to the fact that most of the studies have targeted samples of upper secondary school or college…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Correlation, Science Interests, Foreign Countries
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Turunen, Tiina; Kiuru, Noona; Poskiparta, Elisa; Niemi, Pekka; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
School bullying is associated with externalizing and internalizing problems, but little is known about whether reading difficulties also play a part. We asked how, in Grades 1 and 2, word reading skills and externalizing/internalizing problems predict the degree to which students are involved in bullying in Grade 3. Using a sample of 480 Finnish…
Descriptors: Reading Research, Behavior Problems, Victims, Bullying
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Pongsakdi, Nonmanut; Laakkonen, Eero; Laine, Teija; Veermans, Koen; Hannula-Sormunen, Minna M.; Lehtinen, Erno – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
A Word Problem Enrichment programme (WPE) has been found to increase student word problem solving performance when facing non-routine and application problems. However, it is unknown if the WPE has an impact on student beliefs about word problem solving and how the WPE works for students with different motivation in learning mathematics. This…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Program Effectiveness
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Albaek, Karsten; Rosdahl, Anders – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This paper performs multivariate analysis of skill differences in four Nordic countries as assessed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies survey of adults aged 16-65. The differences in average skills between Finland and each of the three Scandinavian…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Adults, Older Adults, Young Adults
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