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Leuchter, Miriam; Naber, Britta – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2019
Attention to core concepts in science and engineering in early education has grown recently, and understanding levers as force amplifiers can be recognized as one of these. Previous studies focused on two-sided levers and do not provide sufficient information about children's knowledge of levers as force amplifiers, nor about their learning and…
Descriptors: Science Education, Physics, Engineering Education, Knowledge Level
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Mouton, Marnel; Archer, Edward – Journal of Biological Education, 2019
Institutions of Higher Education have grappled with the predicament of first-year success and epistemological access for years. Recently, a study employed Legitimation Code Theory (LCT) to elucidate why students who performed relatively well in high school biology struggled with the subject in first-year. This study shed valuable light on this…
Descriptors: Biology, Science Instruction, Secondary School Curriculum, Semantics
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Ehret, Katharina; Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt – Second Language Research, 2019
We present a proof-of-concept study that sketches the use of compression algorithms to assess Kolmogorov complexity, which is a text-based, quantitative, holistic, and global measure of structural surface redundancy. Kolmogorov complexity has been used to explore cross-linguistic complexity variation in linguistic typology research, but we are the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Difficulty Level, Contrastive Linguistics, Language Research
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van der Slik, Frans; Hout, Roeland van; Schepens, Job – Second Language Research, 2019
Applied linguistics may benefit from a morphological complexity measure to get a better grip on language learning problems and to better understand what kind of typological differences between languages are more important than others in facilitating or impeding adult learning of an additional language. Using speaking proficiency scores of 9,000…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Morphology (Languages), Applied Linguistics, Language Classification
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Košak-Babuder, Milena; Kormos, Judit; Ratajczak, Michael; Pižorn, Karmen – Language Testing, 2019
One of the special arrangements in testing contexts is to allow dyslexic students to listen to the text while they read. In our study, we investigated the effect of read-aloud assistance on young English learners' language comprehension scores. We also examined whether students with dyslexia identification benefit from this assistance differently…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Identification, Scores, English (Second Language)
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Chetcuti, Lacey; Hudry, Kristelle; Grant, Megan; Vivanti, Giacomo – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
We examined the role of social motivation and motor execution factors in object-directed imitation difficulties in autism spectrum disorder. A series of to-be-imitated actions was presented to 35 children with autism spectrum disorder and 20 typically developing children on an Apple® iPad® by a "socially responsive" or "aloof"…
Descriptors: Imitation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Murphy, Audrey Figueroa; Torff, Bruce – Educational Forum, 2019
Survey research tested the hypothesis that teachers support less rigorous curriculum for English language learners (ELLs) than for general-education (GE) students. Participating teachers worked in urban schools with large populations of ELLs. Teachers rated descriptions of instructional activities that differed in demand for critical thinking…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, English Language Learners, Urban Schools, Critical Thinking
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Schneider, Sascha; Häßler, Alexandra; Habermeyer, Tanja; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The inclusion of human-like shapes like arms or faces in rather abstract pictures triggers the tendency of anthropomorphism, which is defined as the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman objects. Anthropomorphism-triggering features in digital learning materials were found to enhance the performance of students. However, the probability…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Prior Learning, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes
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Hoogerheide, Vincent; Renkl, Alexander; Fiorella, Logan; Paas, Fred; van Gog, Tamara – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Recent findings show that after studying a text, teaching the learned content on video to a fictitious peer student improves learning more than restudying the content. This benefit may be in part due to increased arousal associated with the teaching activity. The present experiment investigated whether teaching on video is also effective for…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Park, Kunsoon; Park, Narang; Heo, Wookjae; Gustafson, Kim – International Education Studies, 2019
Online surveys are frequently used in higher education to collect students' opinions. This study investigated the factors associated with students' willingness to respond to online surveys. Using 540 samples from undergraduate and graduate students in the United States, this study conducted a factor analysis to categorize the reasons that students…
Descriptors: Online Surveys, College Students, Student Attitudes, Barriers
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Rasmussen, Chris; Apkarian, Naneh; Hagman, Jessica Ellis; Johnson, Estrella; Larsen, Sean; Bressoud, David – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2019
The authors present findings from a recently completed census survey of all mathematics departments in the United States that offer a graduate degree in mathematics. The authors report the viewpoints of departments about characteristics shown to support students' success as well as the extent to which these characteristics are being implemented in…
Descriptors: College Mathematics, Calculus, Departments, College Programs
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Uy, Phitsamay S.; Kim, Sue J.; Khuon, Chrisna – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
This study discusses the college and career readiness among full-time Southeast Asian American college students in a 4-year public university in New England. Our study consisted of surveys (n = 58) and focus groups (n = 35), of second-generation (born in the United States) or 1.5-generation (immigrated as a youth) college students. While our…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Career Readiness, Asian American Students, Career Development
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Andres, Hayward P. – Journal of Further and Higher Education, 2019
Given the recent reported common occurrence of mediocre or substandard academic performance by students in colleges and universities, it has become essential to identify pedagogical factors that might lessen or reverse this trend. Kolb's experiential learning, Pintrich's student learning motivation, and cognitive load theories were used as a…
Descriptors: College Instruction, Experiential Learning, Learning Motivation, Cognitive Processes
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Bamber, Veronica; Choudhary, Carolyn J.; Hislop, Jane; Lane, Judith – Journal of Further and Higher Education, 2019
Transitions are increasingly recognised as difficult, and less has been written about transitions to postgraduate taught programmes than about transitions into undergraduate or doctoral study. A Scotland-wide project found that new taught Post-graduate (PG), and staff teaching them, can be unclear about what is expected at Master's level, and…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Masters Programs, Readiness, Professionalism
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Malicka, Aleksandra; Gilabert Guerrero, Roger; Norris, John M. – Language Teaching Research, 2019
Needs analysis (NA) has long been argued to be the prerequisite for the design of language curricula or syllabi and the selection of tasks. According to Long (2005), a one-size-fits-all approach should be substituted by a careful examination of learners' needs in a particular domain or learner community. Despite the increasing practice of carrying…
Descriptors: Needs Assessment, Course Descriptions, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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