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Burns, Emma C.; Martin, Andrew J.; Collie, Rebecca J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
There is a well-documented developmental decline in engagement among adolescents throughout secondary school. Given this pattern of engagement poses problems for both student well-being and their academic outcomes, it is important to examine potential strategies to address this decline. As a growth-oriented strategy, personal best (PB) goal…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement, Adolescents
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Ruzek, Erik A.; Schenke, Katerina – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Understanding how classrooms influence a student's motivation and engagement is a persistent concern in the field of educational psychology. Social-cognitive theories postulate that individual students' perceptions of their environment influence their motivation and subsequent behavior. However, empirical research directly testing the core tenets…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Classroom Environment, Environmental Influences, Learner Engagement
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Dockx, Jonas; De Fraine, Bieke; Vandecandelaere, Machteld – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
This study compared the effects of being in different tracks during the first 3 years of secondary education on student academic performance. A sample of a longitudinal cohort study in Flanders (3,205 students in 46 schools) was used to describe the learning gains for mathematics and reading comprehension. Four tracks were distinguished, with a…
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students, Mathematics Achievement