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Schneider, Sascha; Häßler, Alexandra; Habermeyer, Tanja; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The inclusion of human-like shapes like arms or faces in rather abstract pictures triggers the tendency of anthropomorphism, which is defined as the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman objects. Anthropomorphism-triggering features in digital learning materials were found to enhance the performance of students. However, the probability…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Prior Learning, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes
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Hoogerheide, Vincent; Renkl, Alexander; Fiorella, Logan; Paas, Fred; van Gog, Tamara – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Recent findings show that after studying a text, teaching the learned content on video to a fictitious peer student improves learning more than restudying the content. This benefit may be in part due to increased arousal associated with the teaching activity. The present experiment investigated whether teaching on video is also effective for…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Agarwal, Pooja K. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The development of students' higher order learning is a critical component of education. For decades, educators and scientists have engaged in an ongoing debate about whether higher order learning can only be enhanced by building a base of factual knowledge (analogous to Bloom's taxonomy) or whether higher order learning can be enhanced directly…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Taxonomy, Middle School Students, College Students
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Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
We examine the relevance of task exposure specificity in the development of self-efficacy evaluations among 15-year-old students in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. We use data from the 2012 edition of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) to assess if students' self-efficacy evaluations…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment