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Mouton, Marnel; Archer, Edward – Journal of Biological Education, 2019
Institutions of Higher Education have grappled with the predicament of first-year success and epistemological access for years. Recently, a study employed Legitimation Code Theory (LCT) to elucidate why students who performed relatively well in high school biology struggled with the subject in first-year. This study shed valuable light on this…
Descriptors: Biology, Science Instruction, Secondary School Curriculum, Semantics
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Schneider, Sascha; Häßler, Alexandra; Habermeyer, Tanja; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The inclusion of human-like shapes like arms or faces in rather abstract pictures triggers the tendency of anthropomorphism, which is defined as the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman objects. Anthropomorphism-triggering features in digital learning materials were found to enhance the performance of students. However, the probability…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Prior Learning, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes
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Pettersen, Andreas; Braeken, Johan – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
The implementation of mathematical competencies in school curricula requires assessment instruments to be aligned with this new view on mathematical mastery. However, there are concerns over whether existing assessments capture the wide variety of cognitive skills and abilities that constitute mathematical competence. The current study applied an…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Tests, Cognitive Ability
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Rusek, Martin; Vojír, Karel – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
This paper focuses on the procedure and results for analyzing text-difficulty in lower-secondary chemistry textbooks in the Czech Republic. The authors use established methodology for text-difficulty analysis by Nestler, adapted by Prucha and Pluskal by adding a second independent analyser to improve reliability. Some textbooks do not follow the…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Secondary School Science, Difficulty Level, Chemistry
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Anteneh, Mekonnen Melaku; Silesh, Besha Dejene – Educational Research and Reviews, 2019
This study had attempted to investigate assessment practices and factors for grade 8 students score disparity in Regional versus Teacher-made exams, from 2015 in Bench Maji Zone primary schools. In doing so, a descriptive survey method was employed. A sample of 185 stakeholders composed of 58 teachers, 101 students, 14 principals, 11 Woreda…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Student Evaluation
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Rekik, Ghazi; Khacharem, Aïmen; Belkhir, Yosra; Bali, Naila; Jarraya, Mohamed – Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 2019
Recent studies exploring the effects of dynamic visualizations on learning compared with static visualizations have yielded mixed results. Procedural motor learning is one of the few fields in which dynamic representations have shown to be effective. Many of the studies have suggested that this advantage is mainly due to the activation of the…
Descriptors: Visualization, Physical Education, Video Technology, Photography
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McGrath, Patricia – Gifted Education International, 2019
This study focuses on education at primary and secondary level in Northern Ireland and questions whether it meets the needs of gifted students. Gifted students from Mensa were questioned about their experiences in school, and the majority of students stated that they did not have sufficient challenge in school, or any type of differentiation in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Academically Gifted, Student Needs
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Yoon, Susan A.; Goh, Sao-Ee; Yang, Zhitong – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2019
Recent research on what students know about complex systems shows that they typically have challenges in understanding particular system ideas such as nonlinearity, complex causality, and decentralized control. Yet this research has yet to adopt a systematic approach to learning about complex systems in an ordered way in line with the Next…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Models, Middle School Students, High School Students
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Mainali, Bhesh – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2019
In this research study, I investigated the relationships between preferences for solution methods, task difficulty, gender, and high school students' geometry performance. Data were collected from 161 geometry students at six high schools at a county located in the southeastern region of the USA at the time of the 2013-2014 school year. The result…
Descriptors: High School Students, Preferences, Gender Differences, Problem Solving
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Aydin, Utkun; Özgeldi, Meriç – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The aim of this mixed methods study was to investigate the difficulties prospective elementary mathematics teachers have in solving the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 released items. A mathematics test consisting of 26 PISA items was administered, followed by interviews. Multiple data were utilized to provide rich…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Chen, Ouhao; Manalo, Emmanuel; She, Yan – Educational Studies, 2019
A 2 (learning strategies: diagram vs. summary) × 2 (levels of expertise: low vs. high) experiment was conducted to compare the effectiveness of using diagrams to writing summaries for students given biological information to learn and who possessed different levels of expertise in that topic area. A main effect of learning strategy used on number…
Descriptors: Expertise, Instructional Effectiveness, Grade 7, Grade 8
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Agarwal, Pooja K. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The development of students' higher order learning is a critical component of education. For decades, educators and scientists have engaged in an ongoing debate about whether higher order learning can only be enhanced by building a base of factual knowledge (analogous to Bloom's taxonomy) or whether higher order learning can be enhanced directly…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Taxonomy, Middle School Students, College Students
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Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
We examine the relevance of task exposure specificity in the development of self-efficacy evaluations among 15-year-old students in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. We use data from the 2012 edition of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) to assess if students' self-efficacy evaluations…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment
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Stang Lund, Elisabeth; Bråten, Ivar; Brandmo, Christian; Brante, Eva W.; Strømsø, Helge I. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2019
The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesized model that specified direct and indirect effects of textual and individual factors on readers' ability to integrate information about sources and content when reading multiple conflicting texts on a controversial socio-scientific issue. Using a path analytic approach with a sample of 140…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Reading Comprehension, Information Sources
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Lynch, Raymond; Hurley, Adrian; Cumiskey, Olivia; Nolan, Brian; McGlynn, Bridgeen – Irish Educational Studies, 2019
This article considers the relationship between differential homework task difficulty, student engagement and performance across four Irish post-primary school sites. A total of 236 participants completed all elements of this study. All participants were junior cycle students, aged between 12 and 16 years. The study employed a standardised…
Descriptors: Correlation, Learner Engagement, Homework, Difficulty Level
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