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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Thoemmes, Felix; Biddle, Nicholas – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The Negative Year in School Effect (NYiSE) claims that grade-relative-to-age influences academic self-concept. Being young for your grade is associated with lower self-concept, whereas being old for your grade is associated with higher self-concept. We extend this research in several ways. First, we aim to improve causal claims for the NYiSE by…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Age Differences, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Arens, A. Katrin; Schmidt, Isabelle; Preckel, Franzis – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
This study expanded on research on temporal relations among motivation constructs as stated by expectancy-value theory, which has so far neglected the differentiation of value facets, the examination of long time spans with multiple measurement waves, and domain-specific patterns of findings. We examined the longitudinal relations among academic…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Secondary School Students, Mathematics Instruction