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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Thoemmes, Felix; Biddle, Nicholas – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The Negative Year in School Effect (NYiSE) claims that grade-relative-to-age influences academic self-concept. Being young for your grade is associated with lower self-concept, whereas being old for your grade is associated with higher self-concept. We extend this research in several ways. First, we aim to improve causal claims for the NYiSE by…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Age Differences, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Parker, Philip D.; Murayama, Kou; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa; Arens, A. Katrin – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
This study extends the classic constructive dialogue/debate between self-concept and self-efficacy researchers (Marsh, Roche, Pajares, & Miller, 1997) regarding the distinctions between these 2 constructs. The study is a substantive-methodological synergy, bringing together new substantive, theoretical, and statistical models and developing…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Self Efficacy, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students
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Schachner, Maja K.; Schwarzenthal, Miriam; van de Vijver, Fons J. R.; Noack, Peter – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
As schools are becoming more culturally diverse, it is crucial to understand how they can approach this diversity in ways that allow all students to feel included and do well. We focus on the manifestation of two related but distinct approaches to cultural diversity, namely "equality and inclusion" (i.e., promoting positive intergroup…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Cultural Pluralism, Foreign Countries, Equal Education
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Arens, A. Katrin; Schmidt, Isabelle; Preckel, Franzis – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
This study expanded on research on temporal relations among motivation constructs as stated by expectancy-value theory, which has so far neglected the differentiation of value facets, the examination of long time spans with multiple measurement waves, and domain-specific patterns of findings. We examined the longitudinal relations among academic…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Secondary School Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Ruzek, Erik A.; Schenke, Katerina – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Understanding how classrooms influence a student's motivation and engagement is a persistent concern in the field of educational psychology. Social-cognitive theories postulate that individual students' perceptions of their environment influence their motivation and subsequent behavior. However, empirical research directly testing the core tenets…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Classroom Environment, Environmental Influences, Learner Engagement