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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Thoemmes, Felix; Biddle, Nicholas – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The Negative Year in School Effect (NYiSE) claims that grade-relative-to-age influences academic self-concept. Being young for your grade is associated with lower self-concept, whereas being old for your grade is associated with higher self-concept. We extend this research in several ways. First, we aim to improve causal claims for the NYiSE by…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Age Differences, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests