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Ryan, Sarah; Junker, Brian W. – Youth & Society, 2019
Through the development and field testing of an instrument designed to measure youth social capital in the context of postsecondary transitions, this research addresses the need for theory-driven measures of social capital among youth. The results offer preliminary evidence that dimensions of youth social capital, including network structure and…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Measurement Techniques, Social Networks, Student Adjustment
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Peguero, Anthony A.; Merrin, Gabriel J.; Hong, Jun Sung; Johnson, Kecia R. – Youth & Society, 2019
A growing body of research is exploring the affects school disorder has on educational progress. It is also known that educational success and failure are linked to gender, racial, and ethnic disparities. Other issues, however, remain less explored. For example, how do perceptions of individual adolescents about disorder affect behavior? Or…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Dropouts, Longitudinal Studies, Racial Differences
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Hwang, NaYoung; Reyes, Marcela; Eccles, Jacquelynne S. – Youth & Society, 2019
Existing research on theories of intelligence shows that students with growth mindsets tend to outperform those with fixed mindsets in mathematics. We used nationally representative data to address two related questions in the general population: (a) Are there subgroup differences in the endorsement of a fixed mindset? (b) Does the negative…
Descriptors: World Views, Racial Differences, Socioeconomic Status, Minority Group Students
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Chan, Heng Choon; Wong, Dennis S. W. – Youth & Society, 2019
Traditional school bullying and cyberbullying are growing concerns worldwide. Research has been devoted to understanding the etiology of bullying behaviors. Using a large sample of secondary school adolescents in Hong Kong (N = 1,893), this study explores gender differences in mean levels of traditional school bullying (i.e., physical and verbal…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Student Behavior
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Drummond, Holli; Dizgun, John; Keeling, David – Youth & Society, 2019
The present study evaluates adolescent gang involvement using cross-sectional survey data from 1,475 adolescents living in a disadvantaged Comuna in Medellin, Colombia. Specifically, we examine the prevalence of former and current gang membership, affiliation with gang members, and lives untouched by any gang association. Once these groups are…
Descriptors: Juvenile Gangs, Foreign Countries, Case Studies, Disadvantaged
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Lopez, Vera – Youth & Society, 2019
This study examined gender-based teasing as a barrier to Latina girls' participation in school-based sports and physical activity. Focus groups with 78 Latina teens, ages 12 to 15, indicated that they often felt self-conscious and insecure about participating in school-based sports and physical activity because they did not like being the center…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Hispanic American Students, Females, Antisocial Behavior
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Connell, Nadine M.; Schell-Busey, Natalie M.; Hernandez, Richard – Youth & Society, 2019
Each year, an estimated 30% of school children experience bullying by their classmates. While research has explored the prevalence of bullying, the causes of bullying, and the consequences of bullying, less attention has been focused on understanding how students define bullying experiences. Utilizing a school-based sample of students ranging from…
Descriptors: Student Experience, Student Attitudes, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication
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Tan, Kevin; Heath, Ryan D.; Das, Aditi; Choi, Yoonsun – Youth & Society, 2019
Victimization and problem behaviors during middle school detrimentally influence student learning. However, less is known about how they may cooccur and collectively affect high school graduation and whether the interrelationships vary by gender. Using data from a nationally representative cohort of seventh-grade students from the National…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Victims, Bullying, Student Behavior
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Stives, Kristen L.; May, David C.; Pilkinton, Melinda; Bethel, Cindy L.; Eakin, Deborah K. – Youth & Society, 2019
Despite numerous studies on the topic of bullying, there remains a dearth of information on how parents respond to bullying and the extent to which they are aware of their child's bullying experiences. Using qualitative data from 54 parents in a southeastern state, we explore advice that parents give their children about how to respond when their…
Descriptors: Bullying, Behavior Problems, Prevention, Parent Participation
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Chester, Kayleigh L.; Magnusson, Josefine; Klemera, Ellen; Spencer, Neil H.; Brooks, Fiona – Youth & Society, 2019
Over the last decade, cyberbullying has emerged as a public health concern among young people. Cyberbullying refers to intentional harmful behaviors and communication carried out repeatedly using electronic media. Considerable research has demonstrated the detrimental and long-lasting effects of cyberbullying involvement. This article draws on a…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Victims
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Jones, Martin H.; Mueller, Christian E.; McCutchen, Krystal L. – Youth & Society, 2019
The study examined the relationship among students' focus in urban schools and three educationally relevant psychological factors: school engagement, achievement goals, and possible future self. A 1-year study at two urban high schools with a total of 212 participants suggested that academically focused students are more highly engaged with…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, High Schools, High School Students, Learner Engagement
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Wittrup, Audrey R.; Hussain, Saida B.; Albright, Jamie N.; Hurd, Noelle M.; Varner, Fatima A.; Mattis, Jacqueline S. – Youth & Society, 2019
The current study examined the potential of relational closeness in the natural mentoring relationships (NMRs) of Black students to counter and protect against the noxious effects of school-based discrimination on academic engagement. The study sample included 663 Black students between the ages of 12 and 19 (M = 14.96 years, SD = 1.81 years), all…
Descriptors: African American Students, Mentors, Racial Attitudes, Learner Engagement
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Liao, C. Lynn; S├ínchez, Bernadette – Youth & Society, 2019
This study aimed to (a) identify mentoring quality profiles based on characteristics of informal mentoring relationships, (b) examine how mentor and youth demographic characteristics were related to the profiles, and (c) investigate whether the profiles were related to youth's academic outcomes. Participants were 411 ninth-grade urban, low-income…
Descriptors: Mentors, Correlation, Urban Youth, Low Income