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Alati, David K. – ProQuest LLC, 2011
No significant differences in beginning eighth-grade pretest compared to ending eighth-grade posttest California Achievement Test Normal Curve Equivalent Scores were found for youth at risk who completed a pre-eighth-grade summer academic enrichment program where comparisons for reading vocabulary t(19) = 0.46, p = 0.33 (one-tailed), d = 0.107,…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Pretests Posttests, Grade 8, Summer Programs
Schwartz, Amy Ellen; McCabe, Brian J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Chellman, Colin – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2009
In the United States, public housing developments are predominantly located in neighborhoods with low median incomes, high rates of poverty and disproportionately high concentrations of minorities. While research consistently shows that public housing developments are located in economically and socially disadvantaged neighborhoods, we know little…
Descriptors: Public Housing, Disadvantaged Youth, Poverty, Low Income Groups
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2009
This study examined whether having a teacher who chose an alternate route to certification (AC) rather than a teacher who chose a traditional certification route (TC) affects the reading and math achievement of elementary school students. The study included about 2,600 kindergarten through fifth-grade students and their 174 teachers. These…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Alternative Teacher Certification, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students