ERIC Number: EJ1191540
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Developing Oral Proficiency in Spanish across Class Modalities
Moneypenny, Dianne Burke; Aldrich, Rosalie S.
CALICO Journal, v35 n3 p257-273 2018
There is a growing demand for online course options, including classes offered and required in foreign languages. However, offering courses in multiple formats presents the challenges of developing high quality online courses and assessing the overall program effectiveness as students may elect to take the sequenced language acquisition courses in different formats. Thus, students complete the courses through various combinations of modes (i.e., all online, all face-to-face, some online/some F2F, transferring from another university or after successfully completing a placement exam). The purpose of this study was to examine a second language program offering both seated and online Spanish language acquisition classes at a small regional campus in the Midwest. Oral proficiency was tested using the Pearson Versant Test for Spanish and students' (n=108) scores were then compared to the ACTFL established benchmarks after one and two years of language study. In this study 42% met or exceeded the first year overall oral proficiency benchmark of Intermediate-Low and 27.5% met or exceeded the second year overall benchmark of Intermediate-Mid. These results suggest online Spanish course options can be an effective mode for students to meet oral proficiency benchmarks when programs require asynchronous and synchronous oral production, and provide speaking practice opportunities. However, additional research in this area is needed to better understand why some students are not meeting the benchmark.
Descriptors: Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Spanish, Oral Language, Language Proficiency, Online Courses, Benchmarking, Blended Learning, College Students, Language Tests, Scores, Computer Mediated Communication, Synchronous Communication, Asynchronous Communication, Instructional Design, Outcomes of Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview