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Pianta, Robert C.; Ansari, Arya – Educational Researcher, 2018
By tracking longitudinally a sample of American children (n = 1,097), this study examined the extent to which enrollment in private schools between kindergarten and ninth grade was related to students' academic, social, psychological, and attainment outcomes at age 15. Results from this investigation revealed that in unadjusted models, children…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Academic Achievement, Social Development, Psychological Patterns
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Morris, Darrell; Meyer, Carla; Trathen, Woodrow; McGee, Jennifer; Vines, Nora; Stewart, Trevor; Gill, Tom; Schlagal, Robert – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study explored print-processing and vocabulary differences among a group of 5th- and 6th-grade students who had scored below the 50th percentile on a standardized reading test. Guided by the simple view of reading, we applied cut scores (low/high) to the students' performance on print-processing and vocabulary tasks. The design allowed for…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Grade 5, Grade 6, Reading Tests
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Vandell, Deborah Lowe; Burchinal, Margaret; Pierce, Kim M. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Relations between early child care and adolescent functioning at the end of high school (EOHS; M age = 18.3 years) were examined in a prospective longitudinal study of 1,214 children. Controlling for extensive measures of family background, early child care was associated with academic standing and behavioral adjustment at the EOHS. More…
Descriptors: Young Children, High School Students, Longitudinal Studies, Family Environment
Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Multiple Disabilities
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McKinnon, Rachel D.; Blair, Clancy – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Teacher-child relationships have been linked to children's classroom engagement and to academic achievement. However, researchers have paid minimal attention to individual child factors that predict the development of these relationships. In the current study, we examined executive function (EF) prior to school entry as a predictor of…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement, Executive Function
Karoly, Lynn A. – RAND Corporation, 2014
Care Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRISs) have advanced and matured, a number of states and localities have undertaken evaluations to validate the systems. Such efforts stem from the desire to ensure that the system is designed and operating in the ways envisioned when the system was established. Given that a central component in a QRIS…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Program Effectiveness, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality
Willoughby, Michael T.; Magnus, Brooke; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Blair, Clancy B. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Substantial evidence has established that individual differences in executive function (EF) in early childhood are uniquely predictive of children's academic readiness at school entry. The current study tested whether growth trajectories of EF across the early childhood period could be used to identify a subset of children who were at pronounced…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Young Children, Kindergarten, School Readiness