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Mikami, Hitoshi; Leung, Chi Yui; Yoshikawa, Lisa – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2018
The following question has yet to be answered by researchers: when does anxiety have a systematic downward bias on foreign language (FL) reading test scores? The results of the correlation and regression analyses conducted in this study indicate that, at least in the case of university-level English learners in Japan, anxiety-induced bias occurs…
Descriptors: Reading Tests, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Test Anxiety
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Nahatame, Shingo – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2017
Standards of coherence are one of the major factors that influence reading comprehension. This study investigated the standards of coherence that second language (L2) learners employ when reading. In a pair of experiments, Japanese learners of English read two-sentence texts with varying causal and semantic relatedness between sentences and then…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension, Semantics
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Holster, Trevor A.; Lake, J. W.; Pellowe, William R. – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2017
This study used many-faceted Rasch measurement to investigate the difficulty of graded readers using a 3-item survey. Book difficulty was compared with Kyoto Level, Yomiyasusa Level, Lexile Level, book length, mean sentence length, and mean word frequency. Word frequency and Kyoto Level were found to be ineffective in predicting students'…
Descriptors: Basal Reading, Difficulty Level, Books, Surveys
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Kirchhoff, Cheryl – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2013
Among foreign language educators interest in extensive reading is growing along with questions about learner motivation to read. Maintaining learner motivation over long periods of time is influenced by many variables suggesting that multiple means of stimulating motivation is needed. The psychological theory of flow has been suggested to…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Reading Processes, Reading Motivation
Poulshock, Joseph – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
For this research, learners did extensive graded reading (EGR) with traditional graded readers, and they also interacted with short graded stories in the liberal arts and sciences (LAS). This study describes the purpose and format of the LAS stories used by hundreds of university students and adult learners in Japan. It summarizes the results of…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Adult Basic Education, Adult Learning, Adult Students