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Nagata, Yoshiyuki – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2017
Japan stands as a rare country in which ESD has been incorporated as mainstream policy. However, looking back on the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (UNDESD), ESD has not brought about the transformation in Japan that one expects ESD to aim for, despite this support at the policy level. The cause may be that pouring…
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Sustainable Development, Foreign Countries, Holistic Approach
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Yamada, Shoko – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2016
This paper explores the convergence and divergence in the discourses and practices of comparative education in Japan, North America, and Greater China. Research demands, institutional settings, and social and historical background determine the nature of the research discussed and practiced in each place. Some particular patterns were identified…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods
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Nakazawa, Wataru – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2015
This paper examines people's attitudes toward public spending on education in Japan. It is well known that Japan has the smallest public education expenditure relative to GDP among the OECD countries, and this may yield unequal opportunities in education. The tax burden in Japan is small compared to those in OECD countries, and there may be no…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Attitudes, Educational Finance, Expenditures
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Iwata, Yasuyuki – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2015
A complication of teacher education policy in Japan is rooted in a gap between an image of teachers, which is held by society as a whole, and includes various character traits and the reality of Japanese university education. On the other hand, the expansion of an "open system" and lack of nationwide standard are making individual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Education, Educational Change, Educational Quality
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Kumazawa, Eriko – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2013
The content of school education has always been at the center of modern school reforms. At the end of Edo period and during the early Meiji period, Fukui domain (han) and later Fukui prefecture took the initiative in modernizing their school system. The program of "futsu no gaku" ("general education" for the samurai class in…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Policy, General Education
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Saito, Toshihiko – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2009
Numerous historical studies have been done regarding education in modern Japan from a great diversity of viewpoints. It is true that studies of educational systems and history of educational policies have made considerable progress. Still, there remains great room for improvement in terms of both quantity and quality for studies of everyday…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, English Teachers