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Ota, Hiroshi – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2018
This paper discusses the meaning of the internationalization of higher education in Japan, based on a review of global trends in this area. Globalization has brought major changes to higher education, and in order to deal with them, the Japanese government has promoted internationalization as an important policy for higher education reform with a…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Global Approach, Foreign Students
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Nagata, Yoshiyuki – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2017
Japan stands as a rare country in which ESD has been incorporated as mainstream policy. However, looking back on the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (UNDESD), ESD has not brought about the transformation in Japan that one expects ESD to aim for, despite this support at the policy level. The cause may be that pouring…
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Sustainable Development, Foreign Countries, Holistic Approach
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Matsushita, Ryohei – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2017
In the field of education, evidence means an objective ground for setting or judging an educational policy, plan or method, as an effective means to attain a given political end or educational objective. Evidence-based education has been regarded as a decisive device to pursue the accountability and improve the quality of education by connecting…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Theories, Foreign Countries, Educational History
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Iwata, Yasuyuki – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2015
A complication of teacher education policy in Japan is rooted in a gap between an image of teachers, which is held by society as a whole, and includes various character traits and the reality of Japanese university education. On the other hand, the expansion of an "open system" and lack of nationwide standard are making individual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Education, Educational Change, Educational Quality
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Arimoto, Akira – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2014
In the 21st century, when the universalization of higher education demands diversified students to be more involved in study and rather than in learning, the ideal of scholarship is expected to transform toward both teaching orientation and study orientation, with a focus on the teaching and study process in the classrooms with a result of being a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Change, College Faculty
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Matsuoka, Ryoji – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2014
Japanese compulsory education had been praised because of its equality around the early 80s. However, since the third wave-educational reform that began in the 1980s and still persists, it has been pointed out that there are disparities between schools in terms of students' socioeconomic background and academic performance. Although there have…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Compulsory Education, Educational Change, Socioeconomic Background
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Suetomi, Kaori; Murray, Nadezhda – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2014
The conditions required for a reform of the educational finance system as the foundation of compulsory education are 1) devolution to schools and introduction of national standards in order to deal with "individual equality" while compensating for the insufficiency of "aspectual equality," and 2) dealing with educational needs…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Finance, Financial Support, Compulsory Education
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Kumazawa, Eriko – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2013
The content of school education has always been at the center of modern school reforms. At the end of Edo period and during the early Meiji period, Fukui domain (han) and later Fukui prefecture took the initiative in modernizing their school system. The program of "futsu no gaku" ("general education" for the samurai class in…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Policy, General Education
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Amano, Ikuo – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2010
Higher education systems are now in a global state of flux. Japan is no exception. The most persuasive framework for analyzing the basic structure and direction of change is the structural-historical theory of the American sociologist Martin Trow. This is a generalization of his "elite to mass to universal" based on first American and…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Educational Change
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Shimbo, Atsuko – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2009
The symposium entitled "Social Changes in East Asia and Educational reforms: China, Korea, and Singapore" suggested that these countries are carrying out rather drastic educational reforms in the context of rapid social changes. The knowledge gained from the symposium also has important suggestions for Japanese educational reform. In…
Descriptors: Conferences (Gatherings), Teacher Effectiveness, Equal Education, Teacher Improvement