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Tobishima, Shuji – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2018
This paper examines the influence of single parenthood on children's academic achievement in Japan. While some studies have examined the academic achievement gap associated with family structure, a limitation of existing research is the focus on differences between the mean levels of academic achievement of children in single-parent and two-parent…
Descriptors: Family Structure, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Regression (Statistics)
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Ishida, Kenji; Nakamuro, Makiko; Takenaka, Ayumi – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2016
In this study, we test the assimilation thesis by comparing the academic achievement between native students and first and second generation immigrant pupils. It is the first empirical study that systematically analyzes the native-immigrant achievement gap in Japan. Although numerous studies have examined the achievement gap, most of them are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Academic Achievement, Acculturation
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Ninomiya, Shuichi – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2016
Black and Wiliam (1998a, 1998b) demonstrate that formative assessment is one of the most effective strategies for promoting student learning. Since the publication of their reviews, formative assessment has gained increasing international prominence in both policy and practice. However, despite this early innovation, the theory and practice of…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Achievement Gap, Theory Practice Relationship, Accountability
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Akabayashi, Hideo; Nakamura, Ryosuke; Naoi, Michio; Shikishima, Chizuru – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2016
In the past decades, income inequality has risen in most developed countries. There is growing interest among economists in international comparisons of economic and educational mobility. This is aided by the availability of internationally comparable, large-scale data. The present paper aims to make three contributions. First, we introduce the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Social Mobility, Economic Status
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Matsuoka, Ryoji – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2014
Japanese compulsory education had been praised because of its equality around the early 80s. However, since the third wave-educational reform that began in the 1980s and still persists, it has been pointed out that there are disparities between schools in terms of students' socioeconomic background and academic performance. Although there have…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Compulsory Education, Educational Change, Socioeconomic Background