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Imamura, Mitsuyuki – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2017
Environmental education has not spread as widely in Japan as expected and therefore has not had any significant impact on environmental problems, even though many educators and researchers have devoted themselves to environmental educational practice. Why is environmental education not popular in Japan, and what does this tell us? The purpose of…
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, Educational History
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Nakazawa, Wataru – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2015
This paper examines people's attitudes toward public spending on education in Japan. It is well known that Japan has the smallest public education expenditure relative to GDP among the OECD countries, and this may yield unequal opportunities in education. The tax burden in Japan is small compared to those in OECD countries, and there may be no…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Attitudes, Educational Finance, Expenditures
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Kumazawa, Eriko – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2013
The content of school education has always been at the center of modern school reforms. At the end of Edo period and during the early Meiji period, Fukui domain (han) and later Fukui prefecture took the initiative in modernizing their school system. The program of "futsu no gaku" ("general education" for the samurai class in…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Policy, General Education
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Nomoto, Hiroyuki – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2009
In Japan, the Ainu people have been living mainly in Hokkaido and many Koreans continue to live since the end of the World War Two. Since 1990's, the number of migrant workers has increased rapidly. In this sense, Japanese society has been multicultural and multiethnic. However, those minority groups have been strictly discriminated against in…
Descriptors: Foreign Students, Educational Needs, Public Schools, Nontraditional Education
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Tanaka, Koji – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2009
The recent "Nationwide academic achievement and study situation survey" was clearly influenced by the idea of "authentic assessment", an educational assessment perspective focused on "quality" and "engagement". However, when "performance assessment", the assessment method corresponding to this…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Performance Based Assessment, Academic Achievement, Educational Research