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Tobishima, Shuji – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2018
This paper examines the influence of single parenthood on children's academic achievement in Japan. While some studies have examined the academic achievement gap associated with family structure, a limitation of existing research is the focus on differences between the mean levels of academic achievement of children in single-parent and two-parent…
Descriptors: Family Structure, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Regression (Statistics)
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Cummings, William K.; Bain, Olga – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2014
The degree of equality in the delivery of education is an important dimension of variation. Some nations believe that the provision of a highly stratified system enhances quality, at least for the minority who are able to gain entry to the elite academic stream. In contrast, other nations prefer a more egalitarian approach to education where all…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Quality, Equal Education, Access to Education
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Ryogi, Matsuoka – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2013
Kariya (2009) proposes a concept of learning competencies to understand how social reproduction occurs in the current context of Japanese society; he argues that students learning competencies are not equally distributed but shaped by their family background, a foundation of unequal socioeconomic inequality. While he contends that learning…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 10, Secondary School Students, Human Capital