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Guo, Karen; Kuramochi, Kiyomi – Issues in Educational Research, 2019
This study addresses children's Kyoiku (education) as it is explored by two kindergartens in Japan. It reports how the teachers, parents and children defined and experienced children's education and draws on the sociocultural concepts to understand their perspectives. Situated in the personal, educational, and sociocultural landscape of the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Educational Experience, Parent Attitudes, Student Attitudes
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Oshiro, Aiko; Pihl, Agneta; Peterson, Louise; Pramling, Niklas – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2019
This study reports an analysis of how children in a Japanese kindergarten are scaffolded when facing the challenge of collaboratively retelling a "kitsune" story they have been told. What is referred to as a "kitsune" story is an example of a trickster tale with foxes as anthropomorphised animals. The participants were ten…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Story Telling
Shuey, Elizabeth A.; Kim, Najung; Cortazar, Alejandra; Poblete, Ximena; Rivera, Lorena; Lagos, María José; Faverio, Francesca; Engel, Arno – OECD Publishing, 2019
Curriculum plays an important role in ensuring continuity and progression from early childhood education and care (ECEC) to primary education. The alignment of curricula and standards across these settings shapes children's early experiences with education systems, with implications for children's relationships and engagement in both ECEC and…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, Alignment (Education), Academic Standards
Saracho, Olivia, Ed. – IAP - Information Age Publishing, Inc., 2019
Researchers from different disciplines (e.g., physiological, psychological, philosophical) have investigated motivation using multiple approaches. For example, in physiology (the scientific study of the normal function in living systems such as biology), researchers may use "electrical and chemical stimulation of the brain, the recording of…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Motivation, Cognitive Processes, Young Children
Zein, Subhan, Ed.; Garton, Sue, Ed. – Multilingual Matters, 2019
Language teacher education is widely identified as one of the most important areas that needs addressing in order to improve early language instruction, yet research into teacher education for early language teachers remains relatively sparse. This volume responds to this gap by compiling studies with diverse methodological tenets from a wide…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Second Language Learning, Teacher Education, Educational Research
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Anderson-Levitt, Kathryn M. – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2018
This essay examines comparison in a double sense. Focusing on ethnographies of teachers' work in the published literature, I ask whether it is possible to compare ethnographic studies across national borders without losing the particularities of local context, and also without losing the distinctive theoretical perspective of ethnographers…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Ethnography, Teaching Methods, Preschool Teachers
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Huertas-Abril, Cristina A., Ed.; Gómez-Parra, María Elena, Ed. – IGI Global, 2018
Around the world, school districts and institutions are exploring ways to provide quality education to their students. With this, there is a deeper need for multiculturalism in classrooms, as many students are from varying cultures and speak different languages. "Early Childhood Education from an Intercultural and Bilingual Perspective"…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Bilingual Education, Multicultural Education, Classroom Techniques
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Izumi-Taylor, Satomi; Ito, Yoko; Lin, Chia-Hui; Akita, Kiyomi – Research in Comparative and International Education, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine similarities and differences of American, Japanese, and Taiwanese kindergarten teachers' perspectives about clean-up time. The participants consisted of two female American kindergarten teachers in the southeastern US, two female Japanese kindergarten teachers on the main island, and two female Taiwanese…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Preschool Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries
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Tobin, Joseph; Hayashi, Akiko – Anthropology & Education Quarterly, 2017
This paper uses examples from research conducted in preschools in Japan, China, and the United States to illustrate the features and virtues of return interviews with informants with whom ethnographers have long research engagements. Return interviews and long research engagements are powerful research strategies that help the ethnographers ask…
Descriptors: Interviews, Ethnography, Preschool Education, Followup Studies
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Ramazan, M. Oya; Sakai, Aya – Journal of Education and Training Studies, 2017
Spanning the vital temporal interval between birth and the elementary school education, the preschool period is one of the most critical times of human life due to its importance in the formation and nourishment of personality. Specifically the preschool education enables children to acquire and develop basic knowledge, skills and habits, thus…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Skill Development
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Watanabe, Kanae; Dickinson, Annette – Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 2017
In New Zealand and Japan, despite health education on food, exercise, and hygiene, children's health is an important concern in preschools. This study investigated the relationship between children's health and health education in New Zealand and Japan using a qualitative interpretative descriptive design method and semi-structured interviews with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Preschool Children, Child Health
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Hayashi, Akiko; Tobin, Joseph – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2017
This is an ethnographic study of how two Japanese kindergartens are implementing the "yohoichigenka" policy aimed at reforming the Japanese early childhood education system. The cases of these two kindergartens demonstrate what happens when a top-down mandate reaches the level of individual programs. The programs creatively find ways of…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Kindergarten
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Hellman, Anette – Early Child Development and Care, 2016
The purpose of this article is to explore the way preschool teachers teach reflective care in Japan. The article builds on a two-month ethnographic study conducted in Japanese kindergartens and nurseries among children aged 3-6 years. The data were analysed using concepts of age and gender. The results show that care in Japan, in contrast to…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Gender Differences
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Toyama, Noriko – Early Child Development and Care, 2016
This study, comprising three sub-studies, aims to examine how child-rearing practices vary according to different social circumstances in Japan. By comparing teacher-child interaction at mealtimes in day care centres both on an isolated small island located in Okinawa prefecture, Tarama, and in a large industrialised city, Tokyo, the following was…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Care, Teacher Student Relationship, Comparative Analysis
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Ishiguro, Hiroaki – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2016
This research is a longitudinal, ethnographic study that focuses on mealtimes with one boy from 9 to 78 months of age in a day-care center in Japan. It looks at routine interactions between a child, his nursery teachers, and the environment, which is a shared and mutually available communicative space between participants in collaboration. The aim…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Case Studies, Foreign Countries, Ethnography
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