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Matsuoka, Ryoji – Comparative Education Review, 2018
By assessing differentiated upper secondary education with homogeneous student backgrounds, previous studies indicate that a high concentration of students from families of higher socioeconomic status (SES) and a climate of educational expectations for higher educational attainment in schools result in a "hot house" effect that…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Student Diversity, Socioeconomic Status, Expectation
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Matsuoka, Ryoji – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2017
Japanese compulsory education is considered as relatively egalitarian since poorer regions receive more funding from the central government, which standardizes the quality of education nationwide. Nevertheless, the literature indicates socioeconomic status-based achievement and educational attainment gaps. As parts of explanations of these gaps,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Equal Education, Compulsory Education, Achievement Gap
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Matsuoka, Ryoji – British Journal of Sociology of Education, 2015
While shadow education, organized learning activities outside formal school, has grown greatly around the world, the relationship between formal schooling and shadow education has not been well investigated. This study is therefore intended to empirically test whether formal education's structure (i.e. tracking) affects students' shadow education…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Demography, Socioeconomic Status, Tutoring
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Matsuoka, Ryoji – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2015
Sociologists in education have pointed out disparities associated with socioeconomic status (SES) in the Japanese compulsory education system that was once regarded as egalitarian. In addition to disparities between individual students, prior studies have empirically shown SES-based disparities among schools on important indicators such as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, Institutional Characteristics, Teaching Conditions
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Matsuoka, Ryoji – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2014
Japanese compulsory education had been praised because of its equality around the early 80s. However, since the third wave-educational reform that began in the 1980s and still persists, it has been pointed out that there are disparities between schools in terms of students' socioeconomic background and academic performance. Although there have…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Compulsory Education, Educational Change, Socioeconomic Background
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Matsuoka, Ryoji – Educational Perspectives, 2010
On January 17, 2008, the Japanese Central Education Council submitted a newly revised set of official curriculum guidelines to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) in Japan. These guidelines for elementary schools will become effective in the 2011 academic year and include a controversial new policy: the…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Elementary Schools, Second Languages, Student Diversity