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Durrance, Samantha – Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2018
Third grade is a critical checkpoint in a child's educational journey. By the end of third grade, children need literacy skills that prepare them for increasing curriculum demands in fourth grade and beyond. Students who are not reading on grade level by this point are significantly more likely to drop out of high school or fail to graduate on…
Descriptors: State Policy, Educational Policy, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
Durrance, Samantha – Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2018
Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, lifelong condition that affects a person's ability to process language, which in turn can make reading and writing more difficult. Between 10 and 20 percent of all people are dyslexic. Providing appropriate reading instruction and intervention for young children by second grade could reduce the percentage of…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Educational Policy, State Policy, Reading Difficulties
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Herrera, Sarah; Zhou, Chengfu; Petscher, Yaacov – Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, 2017
The 2001 authorization of the No Child Left Behind Act and its standards and accountability requirements generated interest among state education agencies in Florida, Mississippi, and North Carolina, which are served by the Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, in monitoring changes in student reading and math proficiency at the school level.…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Trend Analysis, Achievement Gap
George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2015
Making robust and reliable information about schools accessible is one of the most powerful ways to foster engagement and promote informed decisions that will shape our communities. Though education data is frequently collected and aggregated at the state level, data is rarely synthesized across cities. This report provides comparable information…
Descriptors: School Districts, Geographic Location, Public Officials, City Government
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Chingos, Matthew M.; Whitehurst, Grover J.; Gallaher, Michael R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
School districts are a focus of education reform efforts in the United States, but there is very little existing research about how important they are to student achievement. We fill this gap in the literature using 10 years of student-level, statewide data on fourth- and fifth-grade students in Florida and North Carolina. A variance decomposition…
Descriptors: School Districts, Academic Achievement, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Garrett, Rachel; Steinberg, Matthew P. – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2015
Despite policy efforts to encourage multiple measures of performance in newly developing teacher evaluation systems, practical constraints often result in evaluations based predominantly on formal classroom observations. Yet there is limited knowledge of how these observational measures relate to student achievement. This article leverages the…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Classroom Observation Techniques, Evidence, Teacher Evaluation
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Murphy, Daniel L.; Beretvas, S. Natasha – Applied Measurement in Education, 2015
This study examines the use of cross-classified random effects models (CCrem) and cross-classified multiple membership random effects models (CCMMrem) to model rater bias and estimate teacher effectiveness. Effect estimates are compared using CTT versus item response theory (IRT) scaling methods and three models (i.e., conventional multilevel…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Comparative Analysis, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Test Theory
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Polikoff, Morgan S.; Porter, Andrew C. – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2014
Recent years have seen the convergence of two major policy streams in U.S. K-12 education: standards/accountability and teacher quality reforms. Work in these areas has led to the creation of multiple measures of teacher quality, including measures of their instructional alignment to standards/assessments, observational and student survey measures…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Instructional Effectiveness, Instructional Innovation, Educational Quality
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Grossman, Pam; Cohen, Julie; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Brown, Lindsay – Educational Researcher, 2014
In this study, we examined how the relationships between one observation protocol, the Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observation (PLATO), and value-added measures shift when different tests are used to assess student achievement. Using data from the Measures of Effective Teaching Project, we found that PLATO was more strongly related to the…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Scores, Language Arts, Academic Achievement
Hedberg, E. C.; Hedges, Larry V. – Grantee Submission, 2014
Randomized experiments are often considered the strongest designs to study the impact of educational interventions. Perhaps the most prevalent class of designs used in large scale education experiments is the cluster randomized design in which entire schools are assigned to treatments. In cluster randomized trials (CRTs) that assign schools to…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Correlation, School Districts, Institutional Characteristics
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National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
NAEP Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) results in mathematics and reading are based on representative samples of 1,100 to 2,300 public school students at grade 4 and 900 to 2,100 public school students at grade 8 in each participating urban district in 2013. Twenty-one urban districts participated in the 2013 assessments. The assessments…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Districts, National Competency Tests, Mathematics Achievement
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National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), in partnership with the National Assessment Governing Board and the Council of the Great City Schools (CGCS), created the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) in 2002 to support the improvement of student achievement in the nation's large urban districts. The TUDA focuses attention on urban…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Districts, National Competency Tests, Mathematics Achievement
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Hedges, Larry V.; Hedberg, E. C. – Evaluation Review, 2013
Background: Cluster-randomized experiments that assign intact groups such as schools or school districts to treatment conditions are increasingly common in educational research. Such experiments are inherently multilevel designs whose sensitivity (statistical power and precision of estimates) depends on the variance decomposition across levels.…
Descriptors: Correlation, Multivariate Analysis, Educational Experiments, Statistical Analysis
Dogan, Enis; de Mello, Victor Bandeira; Lewis, Sharon; Simon, Candace; Uzzell, Renata; Horwitz, Amanda; Casserly, Michael – Council of the Great City Schools, 2011
In this study, the authors examined the academic performance of 18 urban districts that participated in the 2009 Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) of the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP). The districts participated in grade 4 and grade 8 reading and mathematics assessments. Eleven of these districts also participated in the…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Districts, Public Schools, National Competency Tests
Casserly, Michael; Price-Baugh, Ricki; Corcoran, Amanda; Lewis, Sharon; Uzzell, Renata; Simon, Candace; Heppen, Jessica; Leinwand, Steve; Salinger, Terry; de Mello, Victor Bandeira; Dogan, Enis; Novotny, Laura – Council of the Great City Schools, 2011
This report summarizes preliminary and exploratory research conducted by the Council of the Great City Schools and the American Institutes for Research on urban school systems participating in the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The study is one of the first large-scale analyses…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Districts, Public Schools, National Competency Tests