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Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Energy is a core concept in the teaching of science. Therefore, it is important to know how students' thinking about energy develops so that elementary, middle, and high school students can be appropriately supported in their understanding of energy. This study tests the validity of a proposed theoretical model of students' growth of understanding…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Science Tests, Scientific Concepts, Energy