NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Showing all 2 results Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Energy is a core concept in the teaching of science. Therefore, it is important to know how students' thinking about energy develops so that elementary, middle, and high school students can be appropriately supported in their understanding of energy. This study tests the validity of a proposed theoretical model of students' growth of understanding…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Science Tests, Scientific Concepts, Energy
Klecker, Beverly M. – Online Submission, 2014
This paper describes a secondary analysis of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scores by gender. Data were national public 4th- and 8th-grade reading scores from composite and subscales for 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. Twelfth-grade scores for composite and literary experience from 2005, 2009, and 2013 and gain…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Scores