ERIC Number: EJ1094711
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Evaluating Social Cognitive Theory in Action: An Assessment of the Youth Development Program's Impact on Secondary Student Retention in Selected Mississippi Delta Communities
Dooley, T. Price; Schreckhise, William D.
Youth & Society, v48 n3 p383-401 May 2016
This study evaluates the Youth Development Program (YDP), a component of the federal Workforce Investment Act (WIA). We examine whether the YDP reduced dropout rates among youth in secondary schools in seven school districts in the impoverished Mississippi River Delta in southeast Arkansas. Initially, the program seems to have an impact. Students who participate in the program are less likely to drop out of school than students in a comparison group. However, when other factors are taken into consideration, such as whether the student was "over-age" for their grade (and thus likely had been "held back"), the effect that program participation had on the likelihood of dropping out disappears. In short, we find that when controlling for other factors, no statistically significant relationship exists between program participation and dropout rates. We discuss the implications of the WIA's YDP failure and school retention programs, more broadly.
Descriptors: School Holding Power, Dropouts, Dropout Rate, Comparative Analysis, Grade Repetition, Program Evaluation, Rural Areas, Academic Achievement, At Risk Students, Dropout Prevention, Youth, Adolescents, Self Efficacy, Program Effectiveness, Social Cognition, Social Theories, Secondary School Students, Experimental Groups, Achievement Tests, Standardized Tests, Correlation, Developmental Studies Programs, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; High Schools; Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Workforce Investment Act 1998
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Iowa Tests of Basic Skills; Stanford Achievement Tests; Test of Adult Basic Education