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Ost, Ben; Gangopadhyaya, Anuj; Schiman, Jeffrey C. – Education Economics, 2017
Studies using tests scores as the dependent variable often report point estimates in student standard deviation units. We note that a standard deviation is not a standard unit of measurement since the distribution of test scores can vary across contexts. As such, researchers should be cautious when interpreting differences in the numerical size of…
Descriptors: Scores, Statistical Analysis, Measurement, Computation
Karoly, Lynn A. – RAND Corporation, 2015
This study documents the magnitude of the gaps in student performance for public school students in Pennsylvania and estimates the economic consequences of those education performance gaps. Although Pennsylvania is one of the top-scoring states on the 2013 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) on average, the achievement gaps between…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Public Schools, Economic Factors, Racial Differences
Klecker, Beverly M. – Online Submission, 2014
This paper describes a secondary analysis of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scores by gender. Data were national public 4th- and 8th-grade reading scores from composite and subscales for 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. Twelfth-grade scores for composite and literary experience from 2005, 2009, and 2013 and gain…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Scores
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Rutkowski, Leslie – Applied Measurement in Education, 2014
Large-scale assessment programs such as the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), and Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) use a sophisticated assessment administration design called matrix sampling that minimizes the testing burden on individual…
Descriptors: Measurement, Testing, Item Sampling, Computation
Rutkowski, David; Wild, Justin; Rutkowski, Leslie – Center for Evaluation and Education Policy, Indiana University, 2013
Are U.S. and, in particular, Hoosier students competitive and ready to succeed in an ever-changing and increasingly global economic landscape? This question is frequently considered by K-12 education stakeholders at all levels, including national, state, and local officials. One of the central ways in which education systems can compare themselves…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, International Programs, Testing Programs