ERIC Number: EJ1219138
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Contextual Variance and Invariance in Self-Perceived Gender Typicality and Pressure to Conform to Gender Role Expectations
Castellanos, Melisa; Saldarriaga, Lina; Lopez, Luz Stella; Bukowski, William M.
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v43 n4 p305-308 Jul 2019
Evidence of cultural comparisons of gender-identity-measurement scales is scarce. The present study aims to assess the scalar invariance of two dimensions of a widely used gender identity scale (Egan and Perry's Multidimensional Gender Identity Inventory) across two cultural contexts. Fourth, sixth, and fifth graders from Barranquilla (Colombia) and Montréal (Canada) (n = 351) completed an abbreviated, self-report revised version of Egan and Perry's scale. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis demonstrated that typicality and pressure to conform to traditional gender roles are distinct factors and tend to be stable over time. Furthermore, a multi-group comparison analysis showed that the measurement model did not vary significantly as a function of cultural context. Our study adds evidence to support the use of a reliable and valid measurement instrument that is invariant across cultural settings, to allow comparisons that do not depend on contextual variations in the assessment of gender identity during childhood.
Descriptors: Sex Role, Gender Differences, Peer Relationship, Self Concept, Cross Cultural Studies, Measures (Individuals), Factor Analysis, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Sexual Identity, Cultural Context, Social Behavior, Behavior Standards, Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools; Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colombia; Canada (Montreal)