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Linneman, Judith A. – Teaching Sociology, 2019
Impacts of incorporating active learning pedagogies into a lecture-based course were examined among 266 students across nine research methods course sections taught by one instructor at a large public university. Pedagogies evaluated include lecture only, lecture with small group discussions, and lecture with simulations. Although…
Descriptors: Group Discussion, Simulation, Lecture Method, Teaching Methods
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Izienicki, Hubert; Setchfield, Scott – Teaching Sociology, 2019
The role of extra credit in the college classroom has been examined as a philosophical and pedagogical issue, but in this project, we argue that the matter of extra credit is also a sociological one. Using survey data, we examine how college instructors' status and individual demographic characteristics are related to the use of extra credit. We…
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Student Motivation, Sociology, Graduate Students
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Garst, Barry A.; Gagnon, Ryan J.; Brawley, Alice M. – Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 2019
Preparing competent staff is a critical issue within the camp community. This quasi-experimental study examined the effectiveness of an online course for improving staff competency in camp healthcare practices among college-aged camp staff and a comparison group (N = 55). We hypothesized that working in camp would increase competency test scores…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Pretests Posttests, Instructional Effectiveness, Control Groups
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Chang, Yun; Davidson, Curt; Conklin, Seann; Ewert, Alan – Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 2019
This study examines the effect of short-term adventure-based outdoor programs (AOP) on reducing college students' stress levels. The effects of sex and different outdoor adventure activities in stress reduction are also evaluated. Thirty-three college students participated in selected short-term backpacking, canoeing, and kayaking programs.…
Descriptors: Outdoor Education, Adventure Education, College Students, Stress Variables
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Karraker, Meg Wilkes – Teaching Sociology, 2019
Service sociology is a critical strategy for teaching and learning in sociology. Even beyond that, service sociology is an imperative for communicating the value of our discipline to our students and other constituents. Using data collected from faculty members in Minnesota colleges and universities, I describe the salience of the sociology…
Descriptors: Sociology, Service Learning, Undergraduate Students, Socialization
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Collins, Loel; Collins, Dave – Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 2019
Understanding and exploiting the synergy between theory and practice lies at the heart of effective education for outdoor professionals. Accordingly, and in an attempt to stimulate debate, this paper conceptualizes the interaction between theory and practice in the context of the education of outdoor professionals. We identify issues specific to…
Descriptors: Theory Practice Relationship, Outdoor Education, Educational Philosophy, Professional Education
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Thalmann, Mirko; Souza, Alessandra S.; Oberauer, Klaus – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Chunking is the recoding of smaller units of information into larger, familiar units. Chunking is often assumed to help bypassing the limited capacity of working memory (WM). We investigate how chunks are used in WM tasks, addressing three questions: (a) Does chunking reduce the load on WM? Across four experiments chunking benefits were found not…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Recall (Psychology), Long Term Memory
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Peterson, Dwight J.; Decker, Reed; Naveh-Benjamin, Moshe – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
A fundamental question for human memory research relates to the role of attention during the binding of distinct components into an integrated representation. A number of important differences exist between the working memory and episodic memory literature in terms of methodological implementation and empirical outcomes. For instance, episodic…
Descriptors: Role, Attention, Repetition, Short Term Memory
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Miyatsu, Toshiya; Gouravajhala, Reshma; Nosofsky, Robert M.; McDaniel, Mark A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Learning naturalistic categories, which tend to have fuzzy boundaries and vary on many dimensions, can often be harder than learning well defined categories. One method for facilitating the category learning of naturalistic stimuli may be to provide explicit feature descriptions that highlight the characteristic features of each category. Although…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Feedback (Response), Experiments, Generalization
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Staub, Adrian; Goddard, Kirk – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
A word's predictability, as measured by its cloze probability, has a robust influence on the time a reader's eyes spend on the word, with more predictable words receiving shorter fixations. However, several previous studies using the boundary paradigm have found no apparent effect of predictability on early reading time measures when the reader…
Descriptors: Prediction, Probability, Eye Movements, Reading
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Kinoshita, Sachiko; Schubert, Teresa; Verdonschot, Rinus G. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
It is well-established that allographs like the uppercase and lowercase forms of the Roman alphabet (e.g., a and A) map onto the same "abstract letter identity," orthographic representations that are independent of the visual form. Consistent with this, in the allograph match task ("Are 'a' and 'A' the same letter?"), priming…
Descriptors: Japanese, Alphabets, Priming, Word Recognition
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Palmer, Shekeila D.; Hutson, James; White, Laurence; Mattys, Sven L. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
The hypothesis that known words can serve as anchors for discovering new words in connected speech has computational and empirical support. However, evidence for how the bootstrapping effect of known words interacts with other mechanisms of lexical acquisition, such as statistical learning, is incomplete. In 3 experiments, we investigated the…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Vocabulary Development, Lexicology, Word Recognition
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Young, Kaisa E.; Young, Chadwick H. – Physics Teacher, 2019
Two of the most fundamental skills that students acquire in introductory undergraduate physics laboratory courses are how to accurately plot data and interpret the physical meaning of linear graphs. We redesigned our graphing skills lab with an open-ended approach designed to promote inquiry in graphical analysis and to address specific areas of…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Study, College Science, Physics, Undergraduate Students
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St-Louis, Marie-Ève; Hughes, Robert W.; Saint-Aubin, Jean; Tremblay, Sébastien – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
In a single large-scale study, we demonstrate that verbal sequence learning as studied using the classic Hebb repetition effect (Hebb, 1961)--the improvement in the serial recall of a repeating sequence compared to nonrepeated sequences--is resilient to both wide and irregular spacing between sequence repetitions. Learning of a repeated sequence…
Descriptors: Verbs, Sequential Learning, Repetition, Recall (Psychology)
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Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Anderson, Rachel J.; Grace, Lydia; Howe, David – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Three experiments investigated the relationship between future thinking and false memories. In Experiment 1, participants remembered familiar events (e.g., a holiday) from their past, imagined planning the same events in the future, or took part in a control condition in which they visualized typical events. They then rated a series of…
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Memory, Planning, Visualization
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