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Levitt, Roberta – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2017
The enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act (2002) and the subsequent succession of legislative acts have had a profound impact on educational policy. An increased emphasis on teacher accountability and effectiveness led to the use of standardized test results to determine tangible rewards or punishments. In response, a culture of teaching to…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Common Core State Standards, Educational Policy
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Hunt, Kari; Gurvitch, Rachel; Lund, Jacalyn L. – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2016
Educational reform in the past decade has placed a very strong emphasis on teacher accountability and student achievement. This change in focus has caused a thorough reexamination of how teacher quality and effectiveness are defined in the field, and has triggered a reform of the teacher evaluation process. As a result, generic, all-encompassing…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness, Physical Education Teachers, Physical Education
US Department of Education, 2015
Race to the Top's success ultimately must be measured by its long-term impact on student learning. Because simultaneous change in multiple systems takes time, it is too early to make that determination of success now. However, it is not too early to learn from the positive achievements of and challenges faced by Race to the Top states. This report…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs
US Department of Education, 2015
Race to the Top's success ultimately must be measured by its long-term impact on student learning. Because simultaneous change in multiple systems takes time, it is too early to make that determination of success now. However, it is not too early to learn from the positive achievements of and challenges faced by Race to the Top states. This…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs
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Goatley, Virginia J.; Hinchman, Kathleen A. – Language and Literacy Spectrum, 2013
This article argues that literacy educators must take time to advocate for research-informed instructional responses in this age of Common Core State Standards and Race to the Top mandates. To that end, it offers four key ideas regarding: (a) what we know about instruction, (b) the need for long-term, continuously revised planning, (c) literacy in…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Educational Policy, Reading Research, Theory Practice Relationship