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Trace, Jonathan; Brown, James Dean; Janssen, Gerriet; Kozhevnikova, Liudmila – Language Testing, 2017
Cloze tests have been the subject of numerous studies regarding their function and use in both first language and second language contexts (e.g., Jonz & Oller, 1994; Watanabe & Koyama, 2008). From a validity standpoint, one area of investigation has been the extent to which cloze tests measure reading ability beyond the sentence level.…
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Language Tests, Test Items, Item Analysis
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Batty, Aaron Olaf – Language Testing, 2015
The rise in the affordability of quality video production equipment has resulted in increased interest in video-mediated tests of foreign language listening comprehension. Although research on such tests has continued fairly steadily since the early 1980s, studies have relied on analyses of raw scores, despite the growing prevalence of item…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension Tests, Comparative Analysis, Video Technology, Audio Equipment
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Leaper, David A.; Riazi, Mehdi – Language Testing, 2014
This paper reports an investigation into how the prompt may influence the discourse of group oral tests. The group oral test, in which three or four participants are rated on their ability to discuss a prompt, is a format for assessing the spoken ability of language learners. In this study, 141 Japanese university students were videoed in 41 group…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Prompting
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Schmitt, Norbert; Ng, Janice Wun Ching; Garras, John – Language Testing, 2011
Although the Word Associates Format (WAF) is becoming more frequently used as a depth-of-knowledge measure, relatively little validation has been carried out on it. This report of two validation studies tackles various important WAF issues yet to be satisfactorily resolved. Study 1 conducted introspective interviews regarding students' WAF…
Descriptors: Scoring, Vocabulary Development, Associative Learning, Validity