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ERIC Number: EJ937157
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0952-8733
How Do Professional Mutual Recognition Agreements Affect Higher Education? Examining Regional Policy in North America
Sa, Creso; Gaviria, Patricia
Higher Education Policy, v24 n3 p307-330 Sep 2011
Professional mutual recognition agreements (MRAs) are one of the policy instruments employed in global and regional trade agreements to facilitate the mobility of skilled labour. While such agreements have been noted in the literature examining cross-border academic mobility, little is known about how they impact higher education. This paper examines the formation of professional MRAs in North America since the passing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), focusing on three fields: engineering, architecture, and accounting. In the three professions, asymmetries characterizing the NAFTA partners led to system-level reforms in Mexico. The paper discusses how and why the institutional arrangements governing professional higher education in the country were "harmonized" with those of the United States and Canada.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Mexico; North America; United States
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: North American Free Trade Agreement