ERIC Number: EJ1109506
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Accommodation Decision Making for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities: Individually Tailored or One Size Fits All?
Weis, Robert; Dean, Emily L.; Osborne, Karen J.
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v49 n5 p484-498 Sep-Oct 2016
Clinicians uniformly recommend accommodations for college students with learning disabilities; however, we know very little about which accommodations they select and the validity of their recommendations. We examined the assessment documentation of a large sample of community college students receiving academic accommodations for learning disabilities to determine (a) which accommodations their clinicians recommended and (b) whether clinicians' recommendations were supported by objective data gathered during the assessment process. In addition to test and instructional accommodations, many clinicians recommended that students with learning disabilities should have different educational expectations, standards, and methods of evaluation (i.e., grading) than their nondisabled classmates. Many of their recommendations for accommodations were not supported by objective evidence from students' history, diagnosis, test data, and current functioning. Furthermore, clinicians often recommended accommodations that were not specific to the student's diagnosis or area of disability. Our findings highlight the need for individually selected accommodations matched to students' needs and academic contexts.
Descriptors: Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Learning Disabilities, Postsecondary Education, Two Year Colleges, Two Year College Students, Student Needs, Disabilities, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Equal Education, Civil Rights Legislation, Access to Education, Disability Discrimination, Special Education, Longitudinal Studies, Transitional Programs, Clinical Diagnosis, Decision Making
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Postsecondary Education; Higher Education; Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990; Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act 2004; Rehabilitation Act 1973 (Section 504)