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Wu, Bian; Yu, Xiaoxue; Hu, Yiling – British Journal of Educational Technology, 2019
With the continuous deployment of ICT in K-12 education, strong access but weak uptake has become the greatest challenge for ICT implementation in schools. As the pioneer of China's K-12 educational reform, Shanghai draws our attention in terms of the critical factors and the underlying mechanism of ICT transformation in K-12 schools. The study…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Information Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Teacher Attitudes
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Piwowarski, Rafal – Educational Planning, 2015
The purpose of this article is to provide insight into the strategic transition of preK-12 education in Poland in the Post World War II Period. Strategic planning was primarily focused on centralized state-control and was heavily predicated on Marxist-Leninist ideology in the three decades following World War II. However, since that time, there…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Strategic Planning, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education