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Torppa, Minna; Niemi, Pekka; Vasalampi, Kati; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Tolvanen, Asko; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija – Child Development, 2020
This study examines associations between leisure reading and reading skills in data of 2,525 students followed from age 7 to 16. As a step further from traditional cross-lagged analysis, a random intercept cross-lagged panel model was used to identify within-person associations of leisure reading (books, magazines, newspapers, and digital…
Descriptors: Leisure Time, Recreational Reading, Reading Skills, Correlation
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Lauermann, Fani; Tsai, Yi-Miau; Eccles, Jacquelynne S. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Which occupation to pursue is one of the more consequential decisions people make and represents a key developmental task. Yet the underlying developmental processes associated with either individual or group differences in occupational choices are still not well understood. This study contributes toward filling this gap, focusing in particular on…
Descriptors: Occupational Aspiration, Career Choice, Gender Differences, Adolescents
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Hoglund, Wendy L. G.; Chisholm, Courtney A. – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Three complementary models of how peer relationship problems (exclusion and victimization) and aggressive behaviors relate to prospective levels of internalizing problems are examined. The additive risks model proposes that peer problems and aggression cumulatively increase risks for internalizing problems. The reciprocal risks model hypothesizes…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Social Isolation, Victims, Aggression
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Hedges, Larry V.; Hedberg, E. C. – Evaluation Review, 2013
Background: Cluster-randomized experiments that assign intact groups such as schools or school districts to treatment conditions are increasingly common in educational research. Such experiments are inherently multilevel designs whose sensitivity (statistical power and precision of estimates) depends on the variance decomposition across levels.…
Descriptors: Correlation, Multivariate Analysis, Educational Experiments, Statistical Analysis
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Leopold, Daniel R.; Christopher, Micaela E.; Burns, G. Leonard; Becker, Stephen P.; Olson, Richard K.; Willcutt, Erik G. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: Although multiple cross-sectional studies have shown symptoms of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to be statistically distinct, studies have yet to examine the temporal stability and measurement invariance of SCT in a longitudinal sample. To date, only six studies have assessed SCT…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Longitudinal Studies, Cognitive Processes, Children