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Treiman, Rebecca; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Olson, Richard K.; Willcutt, Erik G.; Byrne, Brian; Kessler, Brett – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
We examined the predictive value of early spelling for later reading performance by analyzing data from 970 U.S. children whose spelling was assessed in the summer following the completion of kindergarten (M age = 6 years; 3 months). The word reading performance of most of the children was then tested after the completion of Grade 1 (age 7;5),…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Spelling, Predictor Variables, Kindergarten
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Lauermann, Fani; Tsai, Yi-Miau; Eccles, Jacquelynne S. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Which occupation to pursue is one of the more consequential decisions people make and represents a key developmental task. Yet the underlying developmental processes associated with either individual or group differences in occupational choices are still not well understood. This study contributes toward filling this gap, focusing in particular on…
Descriptors: Occupational Aspiration, Career Choice, Gender Differences, Adolescents
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Kilborn, Michelle; Lorusso, Jenna; Francis, Nancy – European Physical Education Review, 2016
There has been much international concern about the present and future status of school physical education. Recent research has employed surveys or case studies to examine the status of physical education but there is a dearth of in-depth physical education curriculum document analysis. The aim of this study is to contribute to the international…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Education, Curriculum Design, Outcomes of Education
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Hoglund, Wendy L. G.; Chisholm, Courtney A. – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Three complementary models of how peer relationship problems (exclusion and victimization) and aggressive behaviors relate to prospective levels of internalizing problems are examined. The additive risks model proposes that peer problems and aggression cumulatively increase risks for internalizing problems. The reciprocal risks model hypothesizes…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Social Isolation, Victims, Aggression
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Sahan, Hasan Hüseyin – Educational Research and Reviews, 2014
A framework of school and teacher qualities has been established by research. The need to identify families' school and teacher selection criteria, in particular, is the main motive behind the present study. It mainly aims to identify the criteria parents use when selecting schools and teachers, or the influence of hidden curriculum on school and…
Descriptors: Hidden Curriculum, School Choice, Parent Attitudes, Decision Making
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Georgiou, George K.; Papadopoulos, Timothy C.; Kaizer, Eleni L. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2014
The present 10-year longitudinal study examined how rapid automatized naming (RAN) components--articulation time and pause time--relate to reading fluency. Seventy-five Greek-speaking children were followed from Grade 1 to Grade 10 and were assessed five times (in Grades 1, 2, 4, 6, and 10) on RAN (digits and objects) and reading fluency (word…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Naming, Reading, Reading Fluency
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Whitford, Denise K.; Levine-Donnerstein, Deborah – Behavioral Disorders, 2014
Office disciplinary referrals (ODR) and classroom exclusions among students from minority backgrounds have been a persistent concern for decades. The purpose of this dissertation was to assess disciplinary characteristics of American Indian students in special education. More specifically, the purpose was to determine (a) the rate at which…
Descriptors: Referral, Discipline Problems, American Indian Students, Elementary School Students
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Rees, Carol; Pardo, Richard; Parker, Jennifer – Journal of Science Teacher Education, 2013
This qualitative multiple-comparative case study investigates (1) The reported experiences and impressions of four pre-service teachers (PTs) on practicum placement in four different classrooms (grades 1-9) where a new Steps to Inquiry (SI) framework was being utilized to support students conducting open inquiry; (2) The relative dispositions of…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Practicums, Science Instruction, Inquiry
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Hedges, Larry V.; Hedberg, E. C. – Evaluation Review, 2013
Background: Cluster-randomized experiments that assign intact groups such as schools or school districts to treatment conditions are increasingly common in educational research. Such experiments are inherently multilevel designs whose sensitivity (statistical power and precision of estimates) depends on the variance decomposition across levels.…
Descriptors: Correlation, Multivariate Analysis, Educational Experiments, Statistical Analysis
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Leopold, Daniel R.; Christopher, Micaela E.; Burns, G. Leonard; Becker, Stephen P.; Olson, Richard K.; Willcutt, Erik G. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: Although multiple cross-sectional studies have shown symptoms of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to be statistically distinct, studies have yet to examine the temporal stability and measurement invariance of SCT in a longitudinal sample. To date, only six studies have assessed SCT…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Longitudinal Studies, Cognitive Processes, Children
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Keating, Xiaofen Deng; Harrison, Louis; Chen, Li; Xiang, Ping; Lambdin, Dolly D.; Dauenhauer, Brian; Rotich, Willy; Pinero, Jose Castro – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2009
Although substantial inquiry has been made into fitness levels of students, there has been scant examination of knowledge in this domain. This article seeks to review and analyze research on student health-related fitness (HRF) knowledge mastery in K-16 programs by examining studies published in the literature. Two major results emerging from the…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Physical Education, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level
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Mitsakos, Charles L.; Ackerman, Ann T. – Social Education, 2009
Schools in the late sixties and early seventies had many options and were engaged in implementing a variety of programs rooted in the social science disciplines with effective pedagogy drawn from social studies educators. With the implementation of the "No Child Left Behind" Act, one can observe the drastic changes made in the way social…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Social Studies, Innovation, Scores
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Metzler, Michael – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2009
A debate over the quality of teacher education programs has been ongoing for nearly 100 years. The most current round in this debate started with "A Nation at Risk" (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983) and has escalated in recent years to involve an increasing number of participant-constituents, each of whom has voiced…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Physical Education, Excellence in Education, Rhetoric
Barrett, Diane; Green, Kris – Science Educator, 2009
Despite the long history of the study of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), two facts remain obvious. First, there are almost as many conceptions regarding the definition of PCK as there are researchers interested in it. Second, it is largely unclear which methods enable teacher educators to best prepare teacher candidates to use PCK. Recently,…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Reflective Teaching, Teacher Researchers, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Albiero, Paolo; Matricardi, Giada; Speltri, Daniela; Toso, Diana – Journal of Adolescence, 2009
The present study examined the validity of the Basic Empathy Scale (BES) [Jolliffe, D., & Farrington, D. P. (2006a). Development and validation of the Basic Empathy Scale. "Journal of Adolescence," 29, 589-611; Jolliffe, D., & Farrington, D. P. (2006b). Examining the relationship between low empathy and bullying. "Aggressive…
Descriptors: Prosocial Behavior, Aggression, Factor Structure, Adolescents