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Vidourek, Rebecca A.; King, Keith A.; Merianos, Ashley L. – Children & Schools, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of school violence on recent alcohol use and episodic heavy drinking among seventh- through 12th-grade students. A total of 54,631 students completed a survey assessing substance use and other risky behaviors. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the research questions. Results…
Descriptors: Violence, Educational Environment, Alcohol Abuse, Drinking
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Saint-Maurice, Pedro F.; Anderson, Katelin; Bai, Yang; Welk, Gregory J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: This study examined the agreement between estimated peak oxygen consumption (VO[subscript 2peak]) obtained from the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) fitness test and equated PACER laps derived from One-Mile Run time (MR). Methods: A sample of 680 participants (324 boys and 356 girls) in Grades 7 through 12…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Physical Fitness, Grade 7, Grade 8
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Núñez, José Carlos; Suárez, Natalia; Rosário, Pedro; Vallejo, Guillermo; Cerezo, Rebeca; Valle, António – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
The authors intended to (a) identify the association between gender or grade level and teachers' homework (HW) feedback and (b) examine the relationship between teachers' HW feedback, HW-related behaviors (e.g., amount of HW completed), and academic achievement. Four hundred fifty-four students (Grades 5-12) participated in this study. The results…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Homework, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences
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Onwumere, Onyebuchi; Reid, Norman – European Journal of Educational Research, 2014
Mathematics is an important school subject but one which often poses problems for learners. It has been found that learners do not possess the cognitive capacity to handle understanding procedures, representations, concepts, and applications at the same time. while the extent of field dependency may hold the key to one way by which the working…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Short Term Memory
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Richmond, Tracy K.; Milliren, Carly; Walls, Courtney E.; Kawachi, Ichiro – Journal of School Health, 2014
Background: Social capital in neighborhoods and workplaces positively affects health. Less is known about the influence of school social capital on student health outcomes, in particular weight status. We sought to examine the association between individual- and school-level social capital and student body mass index (BMI). Methods: Analyzing data…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Child Health, Body Weight, Body Composition
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James, Anthony G.; Lester, Ashlie M.; Brooks, Greg – Youth & Society, 2014
The transmission model of religious socialization was tested using a sample of American Jewish parents and adolescents. The authors expected that measures of religiousness among parents would be associated with those among their children. Interaction effects of denominational membership were also tested. Data were collected from a sample of 233…
Descriptors: Jews, Religious Cultural Groups, Religious Factors, Socialization
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Konishi, Chiaki; Saewyc, Elizabeth – School Psychology International, 2014
This study examined the link between victimization and sexual orientation and how this link contributes to social-emotional health, extending to school-related outcomes among adolescents. Of additional interest was whether having caring adult support was a protective factor in reducing the risk for high levels of distress or enhancing positive…
Descriptors: Correlation, Victims, Sexual Orientation, Social Development
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Mashburn, Andrew J.; Meyer, J. Patrick; Allen, Joseph P.; Pianta, Robert C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
Observational methods are increasingly being used in classrooms to evaluate the quality of teaching. Operational procedures for observing teachers are somewhat arbitrary in existing measures and vary across different instruments. To study the effect of different observation procedures on score reliability and validity, we conducted an experimental…
Descriptors: Observation, Teacher Evaluation, Reliability, Validity
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Andersen, Lori; Myers, Leann; O'Malley, Keelia; Mundorf, Adrienne R.; Harris, Diane M.; Johnson, Carolyn C. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Childhood obesity continues to be a public health problem in the United States. Increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables (F/V) is one strategy for decreasing high consumption of energy-dense, high-fat foods, thereby improving weight status. Many Orleans Parish public schools were provided with salad bars (SBs) to augment school…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Health, Food, Eating Habits
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Wolff, Jennifer M.; Crockett, Lisa J. – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2011
Adolescents may engage in risk behaviors that jeopardize their futures. Although adolescent risk-taking has long been attributed to faulty decision making, surprisingly little research has directly examined this link. This study examined the role of deliberative decision making (the tendency to consider options and consequences before making a…
Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Child Rearing, Adolescents, Decision Making