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Kieffer, Michael J. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
Educators and policymakers are paying increased attention to the academic outcomes of students in the middle grades (i.e., Grades 6-8). One reform proposed to improve outcomes for these students is to replace middle schools (with Grade 6-8, 7-8, or 7-9 configurations) with K-8 schools. This longitudinal study evaluated the effects of continuously…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Middle School Students, School Organization, Instructional Program Divisions
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Lubienski, Sarah Theule; Crane, Corinna Crawford – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2010
Most studies of school achievement use free-lunch eligibility or other basic indicators to adjust for differences in students' socioeconomic backgrounds. This study determines whether these variables are enough to separate the confounding effects of students' backgrounds from the main variables of interest in education studies. The Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Family Characteristics, Socioeconomic Status, Social Class, Predictor Variables