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Álvarez-Cañizo, Marta; Martínez-García, Cristina; Cuetos, Fernando; Suárez-Coalla, Paz – Journal of Research in Reading, 2020
Background: Prosodic reading is one of the steps needed to achieve reading fluency. It is already known that English children develop their reading prosody from the earliest grades of primary school, showing the greatest improvement between first and second grade, but there are no Spanish studies of the development of reading prosody in the first…
Descriptors: Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Reading Fluency, Grade 1
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Curran, F. Chris; Kitchin, James – AERA Open, 2019
Recent evidence points to the early elementary grades as a pivotal point for the development of science learning trajectories and achievement gaps. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, this study estimates the degree to which time spent on science and the breadth of science topics/skills covered predict science achievement in…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Elementary School Science, Science Achievement, Children
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Geer, Elyssa A.; Quinn, Jamie M.; Ganley, Colleen M. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Previous research has demonstrated a link between spatial and math skills. However, little research has examined this relation longitudinally. The present study examines the development of and reciprocal relations between spatial and math skills in elementary school students. We administered two spatial tasks and a math task to 312 first- through…
Descriptors: Correlation, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
Reynolds, Arthur J. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2019
Arthur Reynolds describes the significance, development, and effects of preschool to 3rd grade approaches. This school reform strategy integrates services and supports transitions, thereby increasing achievement, sustaining gains, and realistically reducing achievement gaps. Evidence from the Child-Parent Center (CPC) program is reviewed to…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Early Childhood Education, Achievement Gap, Instructional Effectiveness
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Weidinger, Anne F.; Steinmayr, Ricarda; Spinath, Birgit – Developmental Psychology, 2019
In line with the reciprocal internal/external frame of reference model (RI/E model), it is well-established that secondary school students generate domain-specific ability self-concepts by comparing their own performance in a domain socially (i.e., with others' performance in this domain) and dimensionally (i.e., with their own performance in…
Descriptors: Ability, Self Concept, Elementary Schools, Elementary School Students
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Patricia Pelletier, Janette; Corter, James E. – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
In 2010, the province of Ontario introduced a new universal two-year play-based full-day kindergarten program. The authors exploited the phasing-in of this program over five years, allowing a natural experiment in which children from full-day kindergarten could be compared with those from half-day kindergarten in matched neighborhoods. Children (N…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Foreign Countries, School Schedules, Play
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Ehm, Jan-Henning; Hasselhorn, Marcus; Schmiedek, Florian – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The association between academic self-concept and achievement is assumed to be reciprocal. Typically, the association is analyzed by variants of the classical cross-lagged panel model. Results with more recently developed methodological approaches, for example, the random intercept cross-lagged panel model, its continuous-time implementation, and…
Descriptors: Child Development, Self Concept, Elementary School Students, Children
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McNeil, Nicole M.; Hornburg, Caroline Byrd; Devlin, Brianna L.; Carrazza, Cristina; McKeever, Mary O. – Child Development, 2019
Experts claim that individual differences in children's formal understanding of mathematical equivalence have consequences for mathematics achievement; however, evidence is lacking. A prospective, longitudinal study was conducted with a diverse sample of 112 children from a midsized city in the Midwestern United States (M[subscript age] [second…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Achievement, Longitudinal Studies
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Chung, Sheila Cira; Koh, Poh Wee; Deacon, S. Hélène; Chen, Xi – Topics in Language Disorders, 2017
This longitudinal study investigated the predictors of word reading in English and French for 69 children in early total French immersion from first through third grade. The influence of phonological awareness, orthographic processing, and vocabulary in English and French on the achievement and growth of word reading in the 2 languages were…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Immersion Programs, Predictor Variables, Word Recognition
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Weidinger, Anne F.; Steinmayr, Ricarda; Spinath, Birgit – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: It is often argued that the negative development of intrinsic motivation in elementary school strongly depends on the presence of school grades because grades represent extrinsic consequences and achievement feedback that are supposed to influence intrinsically motivated behaviour. However, only a few studies have tested this…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Elementary School Students, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation
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Kiuru, Noona; DeLay, Dawn; Laursen, Brett; Burk, William J.; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
This longitudinal study from Grades 1 to 4 investigated (a) the extent to which children select peers based on similarity in reading skills and (b) the extent to which children are influenced by the level of their peers' reading skills. The sample consisted of 1003 Finnish children in Grades 1-4, for whom reading fluency and comprehension were…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Foreign Countries, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Li, Yuk Yung – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Despite decades of research, little is known about the dynamics of sustaining change in school reform and how the process of change unfolds. By tracing the nine-year reform journeys of four primary schools in Hong Kong (using multiyear interview, observational, and archival data), this study uncovers the micro-processes the schools experienced…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Pilot Projects, Elementary Schools
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Tõeväli, Paula-Karoliina; Kikas, Eve – Educational Psychology, 2017
The present longitudinal study examined the cross-lagged relations between parental causal attributions of children's math success to children's ability, parental help, children's math performance and task persistence. A total of 735 children, their mothers, fathers and teachers were assessed twice--at the end of the second and the third grades.…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Questionnaires, Path Analysis, Mothers
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Cooc, North; Kim, James S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Research has found that peers influence the academic achievement of children. However, the mechanisms through which peers matter remain underexplored. The present study examined the relationship between peers' reading skills and children's own reading skills among 4,215 total second- and third-graders in 294 classrooms across 41 schools. One…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Reading Skills, Academic Achievement, Reading Achievement
Goldstein, Howard; Ziolkowski, Robyn A.; Bojczyk, Katherine E.; Marty, Ana; Schneider, Naomi; Harpring, Jayme; Haring, Christa D. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: This study investigated cumulative effects of language learning, specifically whether prior vocabulary knowledge or special education status moderated the effects of academic vocabulary instruction in high-poverty schools. Method: Effects of a supplemental intervention targeting academic vocabulary in first through third grades were…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Children, Low Income Groups, Comparative Analysis
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