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Washington, Julie A.; Branum-Martin, Lee; Lee-James, Ryan; Sun, Congying – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
This investigation examined the gender gap in language and reading skills in a sample of low-income African American boys compared to African American girls from the same neighborhoods and schools. Using a longitudinal, accelerated cohort design, we used individual growth curve models to evaluate the reading and language performance of 1st through…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, African American Students, Males, Grade 1
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Field, Stacey A.; Begeny, John C.; Kyung Kim, Eui – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
Although research suggests that certain cognitive functions predict the likelihood of intervention response for students who receive Tier 2 instruction through a response to intervention framework, researchers know less about cognitive predictors of response to Tier 3 instruction. This study measured 2nd and 3rd graders' performance on 7 cognitive…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Response to Intervention, Predictor Variables, Grade 2
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Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros Fatima – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study investigated the relationship between elementary classroom (N = 50) reading activities in Year 1 and reading performance (i.e., passage comprehension, letter-word identification, and word attack) 1 year later for English language learners (ELLs; N = 270). A cross-classification hierarchical model indicated that compared to other reading…
Descriptors: Reading Assignments, English Language Learners, Reading Achievement, Predictor Variables
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Bigozzi, Lucia; Tarchi, Christian; Pinto, Giuliana – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
The purpose of this study was to investigate consistency in spelling skills across 2 different tasks of written production (dictation vs. composition) and stability of performance across 4 different grades. We assessed 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders' spelling performance through 4 tasks: 2 dictation tasks (passage and sentences) and 2 composition…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Spelling, Reliability, Verbal Communication
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Madden, Nancy A.; Slavin, Robert E. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This article reports on 2 experiments in inner-city Baltimore evaluating a computer-assisted tutoring approach, Tutoring With Alphie (TWA), in which 1 paraprofessional can work with up to 6 children at a time. In Study 1, we randomly assigned 14 schools to receive TWA or to continue with whatever approaches they were currently using. Each…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Technology, Tutoring, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Bigozzi, Lucia; Tarchi, Christian; Pinto, Giuliana; Accorti Gamannossi, Beatrice – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
We conducted this prospective cohort study to explore the predictability of dyslexia from 1st-grade literacy skills in Italian students. We followed 407 Italian students in primary school from the 1st through the 3rd grades. Students were diagnosed with dyslexia in the 3rd grade. We retrospectively tested participants' 1st-grade performance in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dyslexia, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Conradi, Kristin; Amendum, Steven J.; Liebfreund, Meghan D. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
This study examined the contributions of decoding, language, spelling, and motivation to the reading comprehension of elementary school readers in a high-poverty setting. Specifically, the research questions addressed whether and how the influences of word reading efficiency, semantic knowledge, reading self-concept, and spelling on reading…
Descriptors: Poverty, Reading, Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension
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Parker, David C.; Zaslofsky, Anne F.; Burns, Matthew K.; Kanive, Rebecca; Hodgson, Jennifer; Scholin, Sarah E.; Klingbeil, David A. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2015
The availability of psychometrically sound and usable universal screeners is a key component to successful early identification within a response-to-intervention model. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of oral reading fluency (ORF) and an informal reading inventory for identifying students considered at risk for…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Psychometrics, Elementary School Students, Rural Schools
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Fitzgerald, Jill; Amendum, Steven J.; Relyea, Jackie Eunjung; Garcia, Sandra G. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2015
The present study investigated whether young Latino dual-language learners' 2-year English reading growth varied over time according to their initial overall oral English ability. We followed 41 Latino children for 2 years. We tested overall oral English at the beginning of the study and administered multiple curriculum-based reading assessments…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, English (Second Language), Reading Skills, Language Skills
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Johnston, Jessica; Riley, Jessica; Ryan, Carey; Kelly-Vance, Lisa – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2015
Summer setback, which is defined as a decline in academic achievement over the summer months, occurs in many academic areas but seems especially problematic in reading. We assessed students from a midwestern parochial school serving predominantly students from a low--socioeconomic status background for their reading achievement before they left…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Reading Programs, Program Evaluation, Program Effectiveness
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Reutzel, D. Ray; Dole, Janice A.; Read, Sylvia; Fawson, Parker; Herman, Kerry; Jones, Cindy D.; Sudweeks, Richard; Fargo, Jamison – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2011
The purpose of this article is to describe the vexing issues that arise as researchers try to define and assess the knowledge teachers need to teach reading and writing effectively in the primary grades. Over the past several years, the authors of this article have developed and tested an assessment system of teacher knowledge under a grant titled…
Descriptors: Evidence, Literacy Education, Teacher Characteristics, Primary Education