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Low, Sabina; Smolkowski, Keith; Cook, Clayton; Desfosses, Danielle – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined the impact of a commonly adopted elementary universal social-emotional learning program, Second Step, on student social-emotional and academic outcomes following 2 years of implementation. The cluster-randomized wait-list control trial included 61 schools, 321 teachers, and 8,941 early elementary students across 2 states, with…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Geer, Elyssa A.; Quinn, Jamie M.; Ganley, Colleen M. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Previous research has demonstrated a link between spatial and math skills. However, little research has examined this relation longitudinally. The present study examines the development of and reciprocal relations between spatial and math skills in elementary school students. We administered two spatial tasks and a math task to 312 first- through…
Descriptors: Correlation, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Weidinger, Anne F.; Steinmayr, Ricarda; Spinath, Birgit – Developmental Psychology, 2019
In line with the reciprocal internal/external frame of reference model (RI/E model), it is well-established that secondary school students generate domain-specific ability self-concepts by comparing their own performance in a domain socially (i.e., with others' performance in this domain) and dimensionally (i.e., with their own performance in…
Descriptors: Ability, Self Concept, Elementary Schools, Elementary School Students
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Ren, Kexin; Lin, Ying; Gunderson, Elizabeth A. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Elementary school students often lack a conceptual understanding of linear measurement, which is revealed by their poor performance when the object to be measured is not aligned with the start of the ruler. Instead of correctly counting the units that correspond to the object (e.g., inches or centimeters), children often use 1 of 2 incorrect…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Elementary School Students, Measurement Techniques, Grade 1
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Ehm, Jan-Henning; Hasselhorn, Marcus; Schmiedek, Florian – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The association between academic self-concept and achievement is assumed to be reciprocal. Typically, the association is analyzed by variants of the classical cross-lagged panel model. Results with more recently developed methodological approaches, for example, the random intercept cross-lagged panel model, its continuous-time implementation, and…
Descriptors: Child Development, Self Concept, Elementary School Students, Children
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Osterhaus, Christopher; Koerber, Susanne; Sodian, Beate – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Do social cognition and epistemological understanding promote elementary school children's experimentation skills? To investigate this question, 402 children (ages 8, 9, and 10) in 2nd, 3rd, and 4th grades were assessed for their experimentation skills, social cognition (advanced theory of mind [AToM]), epistemological understanding (understanding…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Social Cognition, Epistemology, Science Process Skills
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Hamdan, Noora; Gunderson, Elizabeth A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Children's ability to place fractions on a number line strongly correlates with math achievement. But does the number line play a causal role in fraction learning or does it simply index more advanced fraction knowledge? The number line may be a particularly effective representation for fraction learning because its properties align with the…
Descriptors: Fractions, Number Concepts, Pretests Posttests, Elementary School Students
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Petscher, Yaacov; Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Conceptualizations of developmental trends are driven by the particular method used to analyze the period of change of interest. Various techniques exist to analyze developmental data, including individual growth curve analysis in observed and latent frameworks, cross-lagged regression to assess interrelations among variables, and multilevel…
Descriptors: Individual Development, Correlation, Longitudinal Studies, Oral Reading
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Hoglund, Wendy L. G.; Chisholm, Courtney A. – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Three complementary models of how peer relationship problems (exclusion and victimization) and aggressive behaviors relate to prospective levels of internalizing problems are examined. The additive risks model proposes that peer problems and aggression cumulatively increase risks for internalizing problems. The reciprocal risks model hypothesizes…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Social Isolation, Victims, Aggression
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Ziegler, Johannes C.; Bertrand, Daisy; Lété, Bernard; Grainger, Jonathan – Developmental Psychology, 2014
The present study used a variant of masked priming to track the development of 2 marker effects of orthographic and phonological processing from Grade 1 through Grade 5 in a cross-sectional study. Pseudohomophone (PsH) priming served as a marker for phonological processing, whereas transposed-letter (TL) priming was a marker for coarse-grained…
Descriptors: Reading, Priming, Phonology, Orthographic Symbols
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Toplak, Maggie E.; West, Richard F.; Stanovich, Keith E. – Developmental Psychology, 2014
We studied developmental trends in 5 important reasoning tasks that are critical components of the operational definition of rational thinking. The tasks measured denominator neglect, belief bias, base rate sensitivity, resistance to framing, and the tendency toward otherside thinking. In addition to age, we examined 2 other individual difference…
Descriptors: Trend Analysis, Taxonomy, Cognitive Ability, Thinking Skills
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Hart, Sara A.; Logan, Jessica A. R.; Soden-Hensler, Brooke; Kershaw, Sarah; Taylor, Jeanette; Schatschneider, Christopher – Developmental Psychology, 2013
Research on the development of reading skills through the primary school years has pointed to the importance of individual differences in initial ability as well as the growth of those skills. Additionally, it has been theorized that reading skills develop incrementally. The present study examined the genetic and environmental influences on 2…
Descriptors: Nature Nurture Controversy, Twins, Reading Skills, Reading Fluency
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Powell, Sarah R.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Vernier, Emily; Namkung, Jessica M.; Vukovic, Rose K. – Developmental Psychology, 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the contributions of domain-general cognitive resources and different forms of arithmetic development to individual differences in pre-algebraic knowledge. Children (n = 279, mean age = 7.59 years) were assessed on 7 domain-general cognitive resources as well as arithmetic calculations and word problems…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Algebra, Individual Differences, Knowledge Level