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Hawley, Leslie R.; Bovaird, James A.; Wu, ChaoRong – Applied Measurement in Education, 2017
Value-added assessment methods have been criticized by researchers and policy makers for a number of reasons. One issue includes the sensitivity of model results across different outcome measures. This study examined the utility of incorporating multivariate latent variable approaches within a traditional value-added framework. We evaluated the…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Reliability, Multivariate Analysis, Scaling
Attridge, Jonathon – Tennessee Department of Education, 2016
Although the average daily attendance rate for Tennessee students is 95 percent, almost 45,000, or 10 percent, of Tennessee K-3 students missed at least a month's worth of school days during the 2014-15 school year. These "chronically absent" students present a particular problem for schools that are charged with developing foundational…
Descriptors: Attendance, Elementary School Students, Primary Education, Academic Achievement
Tennessee Department of Education, 2016
"Setting the Foundation: A Report on Elementary Grades Reading in Tennessee" (ED572952) provides insight into the challenges associated with early grades reading in Tennessee, along with a set of recommendations for building more readers across the state. This appendix provides detailed information about reading programs in Tennessee…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Textbooks
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Sohn, Kitae – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background: Class size reduction (CSR) is an enduring school reform undertaken in an effort to improve academic achievement and has been widely encouraged in the United States. Supporters of CSR often cite the positive contemporaneous and carryover effects of Project STAR. Much has been discussed regarding the robustness of the contemporaneous…
Descriptors: Class Size, Small Classes, Robustness (Statistics), Elementary School Students
Crittenden, Etta Marie – ProQuest LLC, 2013
The purpose of the study was to evaluate two approaches to teaching spelling and vocabulary to second through fourth graders in two different urban school systems to determine if one program revealed greater growth scores on Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP) reading components. Research question1 posited: Does Word Study, a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Urban Education, Grade 2, Grade 3
Baldwin, Janice Williams – ProQuest LLC, 2013
The era of "high stakes" testing in older grades has contributed to higher achievement expectations in the preschool years. Early childhood is a significant period in the development of the whole child. The skills children build in kindergarten are fundamental to learning success. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Kindergarten, Young Children, Educational Assessment
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Fyfe, Emily R.; DeCaro, Marci S.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
An emerging consensus suggests that guided discovery, which combines discovery and instruction, is a more effective educational approach than either one in isolation. The goal of this study was to examine two specific forms of guided discovery, testing whether conceptual instruction should precede or follow exploratory problem solving. In both…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Prior Learning, Mathematical Concepts, Pretests Posttests
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Geary, David C.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Hamlett, Carol L. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study investigated contributions of general cognitive abilities and foundational mathematical competencies to numeration understanding (i.e., base-10 structure) versus multidigit calculation skill. Children (n = 394, M = 6.5 years) were assessed on general cognitive abilities and foundational numerical competencies at start of 1st grade; on…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Skills, Numbers
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Matthews, Percival; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; McEldoon, Katherine; Taylor, Roger – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2012
Knowledge of the equal sign as an indicator of mathematical equality is foundational to children's mathematical development and serves as a key link between arithmetic and algebra. The current findings reaffirmed a past finding that diverse items can be integrated onto a single scale, revealed the wide variability in children's knowledge of the…
Descriptors: Symbols (Mathematics), Elementary School Students, Mathematics Tests, Test Items