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Chavatzia, Theophania; Engel, Laura; Hastedt, Dirk – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2016
Girls and women, especially the most vulnerable, are more likely to be excluded from education than their male counterparts. Exclusion and gender disparities in access to and performance in education are also observed among immigrant children, with immigrant girls often being the most disadvantaged. Data from the International Association for the…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Females, Gender Differences, Gender Bias
Clavel, Jose G.; Crespo, Francisco Javier G.; Méndez, Ildefonso – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2016
The different strategies and methodologies used by teachers in their day-to-day activity may have an impact on the academic performance of their students. Indexes constructed to summarize how teachers address different teaching tasks can be used to quantify the teaching activities' associations with academic results. In the IEA's Trends in…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Science Achievement
Lockheed, Marlaine E. – World Bank, 2015
The number of countries that regularly participate in international large-scale assessments has increased sharply over the past 15 years, with the share of countries participating in the Programme for International Student Assessment growing from one-fifth of countries in 2000 to over one-third of countries in 2015. What accounts for this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Achievement Tests, International Assessment